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A Proposed Particle Image Velocimetry (Piv) System For Instructional Purposes In A Modern Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Laboratory Program

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2006 Annual Conference & Exposition


Chicago, Illinois

Publication Date

June 18, 2006

Start Date

June 18, 2006

End Date

June 21, 2006



Conference Session

Design of Laboratory Experiments

Tagged Division

Division Experimentation & Lab-Oriented Studies

Page Count


Page Numbers

11.103.1 - 11.103.11



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Paper Authors


Afshin Goharzadeh The Petroleum Institute

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AFSHIN GOHARZADEH, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at the petroleum Institute. An expert in experimental fluid mechanics, Dr. Goharzadeh obtained his Ph.D. at the University of Le Havre in France (2001). After his Ph.D. he joined the prestigious Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen (Germany) as scientific researcher. He characterized experimentally the flow at water-sediment interface. Using the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Refractive Index Matching (RIM), he measured the velocity of fluid particles at fluid-porous interface and estimated the thickness of the transition layer (Brinkman Layer Thickness) inside the transparent porous media.

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Arman Molki The Petroleum Institute

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ARMAN MOLKI is a laboratory engineer at the department of mechanical engineering at the Petroleum Institute. He earned his degree in computer science from the University of Maryland, College Park. His main interests are computer-based data acquisition and computer aided design. He is a member of ASME.

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Michael Ohadi The Petroleum Institute

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MICHAEL OHADI, Ph.D., is a professor of mechanical engineering and the acting chief
academic officer at the Petroleum Institute. An internationally recognized authority in enhanced
heat and mass transfer, has published over 140 refereed technical papers, is a fellow member of
both ASME and ASHRAE, and has won numerous awards from both societies.

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

A Proposed Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) System for Instructional Purposes in a Modern Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Laboratory Program Abstract

Hands-on laboratory skills play a vital role in providing the students with genuine understanding of the scientific fundamentals and their application in solving of the real-life engineering problems. One of the key areas of focus at our institute is state of the art modern laboratories that can prepare the next generation of mechanical engineering students to assume successful career paths in the Energy industry in the 21st century. Among the essential topics in fluid mechanics, the study of fluid flow visualization using non-destructive optical methods is extremely important. Particle image velocimetry (PIV) is a modern and powerful method for investigating fluid flow. PIV has many applications in research and engineering, including in the oil/gas and the broader energy area. The purpose of this paper is to propose a PIV system that can effectively serve to cover the fundamental operation of the device, its applications, and demonstration of fluid mechanics concepts through carefully designed experiments.

I. Introduction

Our institute is supported by a consortium of five major oil companies. The prime sponsor has diverse interests in the oil and gas industry, including various subsidiaries and operating companies in the major business areas of exploration, drilling, production, refining, and gas processing operations, as well as transportation and marketing. Our institute offers undergraduate (and soon graduate studies) in the five major engineering fields of chemical, electrical, mechanical, petroleum, and petroleum geosciences engineering. Additional engineering disciplines are expected to be added in the future, in-line with the needs of the sponsoring consortium and the local oil companies. We also provide research and continuing education services to our sponsors, thus justifying the need for state of the art laboratories at both undergraduate and graduate levels.

Graduates from the Mechanical Engineering Department will work for the sponsoring companies as field test engineers, laboratory test engineers, design engineers, development engineers, project management engineers, and research engineers. We must prepare the students with the ability to undertake a variety of engineering tasks in the oil and gas industry. As a senior level course, the Advanced Measurement Laboratory course is a technical elective in the Mechanical Engineering program. The objective of this course is to familiarize future engineers with modern and advanced measurement techniques, such as the diagnostic laser method, that are widely used in the petroleum and broader energy industry.

Flow measurement using laser diagnostics allows engineers to obtain significant information about the dynamics of the flow in complex geometries. Different types of laser diagnostics, such as laser doppler anemometry (LDA), particle imaging velocimetry (PIV), and planar laser- induced fluorescence (PLIF), are used to determine local velocity, 2D velocity, and concentration measurements, respectively1-5.

Goharzadeh, A., & Molki, A., & Ohadi, M. (2006, June), A Proposed Particle Image Velocimetry (Piv) System For Instructional Purposes In A Modern Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Laboratory Program Paper presented at 2006 Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. 10.18260/1-2--754

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