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Board # 80 : Modernizing the Current Afghan Engineering Education System: Challenges and Opportunities

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2017 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Columbus, Ohio

Publication Date

June 24, 2017

Start Date

June 24, 2017

End Date

June 28, 2017

Conference Session

International Division Poster Session

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Khalilullah Mayar Kabul Polytechnic University, Kabul -Afghanistan

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Khalilullah Mayar is a faculty of civil engineering at Kabul Polytechnic University where he teaches, introduction to engineering, construction materials and methods, construction contracts, and engineering mechanics courses to the undergrad students. He also leads the Polytechnic University International Relation and Partnership Office and has been actively involved in the university academic programs- quality assurance efforts as well.
Mr. Mayar was a Fulbright scholar at Purdue University between 2014 -16 where he received his master’s degree in Building Construction Management. His research interests includes: engineering education, international education, higher education leadership, construction site productivity, construction operations simulation and modeling, and BIM.

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Having an effective engineering education system in place can play a crucial role in the development and reconstruction process of a war-ravaged country, such as Afghanistan, where tens of billions of dollars of international aid has been spent in the past 14 years for that process, including higher education. Unfortunately, at this point, the Afghan engineering education system is not yet financially self-sufficient nor can it address the education requirements of today’s job market. This study aimed to identify the major challenges still faced by Afghanistan and to provide a comprehensive list of recommendations and priorities that can make the current Afghan engineering education system academically competent at the undergraduate level as well as improve its relevancy to the economic development of Afghanistan.

The methodology and approach utilized for this study was mainly a qualitative one as the literature review indicated that very little research was conducted in the target area in the past and that the possible data sources were very limited. Therefore, the author utilized the Delphi method for collecting the required data by reaching out to the potential experts in the relevant field and collecting their opinions by interviewing them through questionnaires. As indicated by the research, the Delphi technique has four major advantages: it is a joint decision by a group of experts from the target field with a higher validity than the individual opinions; participation is anonymous; reaching a consensus by the participants is sought; and the participants may not be from the same geographical area. The method has some disadvantages as well, such as the length of the process, the degree of influence of the researcher in formulating the questions, and not using the full expertise of the participants since they do not meet in person. In addition to the Delphi method, a case study was done to further back up the findings of the Delphi method.

Keywords: Afghanistan, Engineering Education, Engineering Education Development

Mayar, K. (2017, June), Board # 80 : Modernizing the Current Afghan Engineering Education System: Challenges and Opportunities Paper presented at 2017 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Columbus, Ohio. 10.18260/1-2--27931

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