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Renewable Energy in East Africa: Solutions to Providing Electricity Using a Systems Approach

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2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Vancouver, BC

Publication Date

June 26, 2011

Start Date

June 26, 2011

End Date

June 29, 2011



Conference Session

A Systems-Thinking Approach to Solving Problems

Tagged Division

Systems Engineering

Page Count


Page Numbers

22.1237.1 - 22.1237.43



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Paper Authors


Adeel Khalid Southern Polytechnic State University

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Dr. Adeel Khalid is an Assistant Professor of Systems Engineering at Southern Polytechnic State University (SPSU) in Marietta, Georgia, USA. His expertise include Multidisciplinary design and optimization of Aerospace systems. He has worked as systems engineer at Avidyne Corporation. The company manufactures glass cockpits for general aviation aircraft. Dr. Khalid was involved in architecture definition, design and development of cockpit avionics. He is experienced in test case scripting, verification and validation of Primary Flight Display (PFD) and Multi-Functional Display (MFD) applications. He is adept in performing requirements definition, analysis, review, management, and documentation using Dynamic Object Oriented Requirements Software (DOORS). As a lead systems engineer, he played an instrumental role in designing, developing, and testing the next generation of Entegra Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS).

Dr. Khalid received his Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology. He holds Master of Science degrees in the discipline of Mechanical Engineering from Michigan State University, and Industrial, and Aerospace Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology. He obtained Bachelors of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute. His academic background is notable for a strong emphasis on research and teaching. As a researcher at Georgia Tech, he worked on system design of Aerospace vehicles. His research is focused on system level design optimization and integration of disciplinary analyses. Dr. Khalid has held the positions of adjunct professor at Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) and SPSU. He has also worked as postdoctoral fellow at Georgia Tech.

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Isaiah Waindi SPSU Systems Engineering Graduate

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Isaiah Waindi is a government systems engineer. He has worked on programs such as the C-130J aircraft program, the P-3 Aircraft Structural Improvement Program (ASIP), and most recently the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). His expertise is in the area of configuration management.

Mr. Waindi received his Master of Science degree in Systems Engineering from Southern Polytechnic State University (SPSU). He obtained a Bachelors of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering Technology from SPSU.

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Renewable Energy in East Africa: Solutions for providing electricity using a Systems Approach ABSTRACTEnergy is an important factor in any country’s economic development. The lack of good energypolicies and infrastructure has contributed in preventing countries in Africa from achievingeconomic growth. Developing nations in Africa face significant challenges due to poor or noenergy infrastructures which continues to inhibit GDP growth. One way to do this is bymodernizing and building their electricity capability. In addressing these energy problems, theregion must include and develop sustainable energy systems. Providing electricity for theAfrican continent must be performed in ways which are affordable, sustainable and flexible.Countries in the region must consider renewable energy solutions as they update and improveelectricity capability. Given the significance of this problem, a systems approach is necessary infinding solutions. Systems engineering offers several great tools with which designers in theAfrican region can assess the viability of renewable energy systems. In systems engineering,significant effort is spent in assessing the problem, formulating requirements which are relatableto the customer objectives and analyzing the alternatives in meeting the set forth requirements.The problem of providing electricity for the African continent is a complex one with manyfactors and variables for consideration. Systems engineering offers a means to assess theseproblems and provide feasible solutions for implementation, meeting the customers’requirements. This paper offers an overall look at the renewable energy problem, outlines thealternatives, and provides a general framework as to how a systems approach can be used.

Khalid, A., & Waindi, I. (2011, June), Renewable Energy in East Africa: Solutions to Providing Electricity Using a Systems Approach Paper presented at 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC. 10.18260/1-2--18939

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