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Research Learning Experience while Designing Wind Turbine for Low Speed Wind Applications

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2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


New Orleans, Louisiana

Publication Date

June 26, 2016

Start Date

June 26, 2016

End Date

August 28, 2016





Conference Session

Solar and Wind Energy-System Initiatives

Tagged Division

Energy Conversion and Conservation

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Paper Authors


Adeel Khalid Kennesaw State University

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Adeel Khalid, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Systems Engineering
Office: 678-915-7241

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Christopher Douglas Roper Kennesaw State University

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Enrolled in a dual-degree program with the University of West Georgia and Kennesaw State University (formally Southern Polytechnic State University). Senior engineering student double majoring in physics and mechanical engineering with minors both in aerospace engineering and mathematics. Expertise both in the professional industry and with laboratory experience. Performed engineering and scientific applications under engineers and scientists as a materials intern, physics and engineering researcher/teacher’s assistant, and mechanical engineer coop. Placed 2nd in the 2015 FRC Technical Research Exhibition Poster Presentation and 3rd in the 2015 FRC Technical Research Exhibition Oral Presentation in Region III for National Society of Black Engineers.

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Research Learning Experience while Designing Wind Turbine for Low Speed Wind Applications

Abstract Low speed wind turbines have provided challenges in extracting the most amount of power in various slow wind regions. In this research project, several factors are explored to help analyze and distinguish the most efficient wind turbine blade design. The design is tested by implementing two methods, comparing computational fluid analysis and 3-D printed physical testing with the Windlab laboratory apparatus. The data and analysis helps determine how to maximize the power extraction from wind energy.

Wind turbine energy methods and the usage of electrical power have been in practice for more than a century. Wind energy has been investigated heavily due to the environmental impacts of fossil fuels and high price of fuel consumption. Scientist and engineers have developed numerous designs and modifications of many wind turbines. Most of these designs are concentrated in the high speed wind locations, concentrated in west mid-west of the United States. On the other hand, low speed wind occurrences – specifically in the eastern U.S. provides these regions an opportunity to utilize the renewable energy for high demand energy consuming areas. Application of wind resources and it’s feasibility in Georgia are explored.

In low speed wind occurrences, wind travels at up to or above 9.1 mph, or 4.07 m/s [5]. Low wind speeds are available and can be harnessed to provide maximum extracted power from the Atlanta metropolitan cities, county outskirts, to the coast of Savannah Georgia. With careful consideration of the physical design of the wind turbine blade, improvements and modification in extracted power from low speed winds is possible. In this research, low speed wind turbines are studied, designed, fabricated, and experimentally tested for low speed environmental occurrences. The maximum extracted power for the wind turbine blade design will be analyzed and studied for future experimentation.

Undergraduate research assistants perform most of the research. Their experiences of conducting research; learning the research methodology and its impact on the overall education is highlighted.


[1] Chiang, E. P., Zainal, Z. A., Narayana, P. A., and Seetharamu, K. N. (2000). Potential Of renewable wave and offshore wind energy sources in Malaysia. [2] Din, Abdul Talib, Shamsul Bahari Azraai, and Kesavan Thenamirtham. Design and Development of A Vertical Wind Turbine Using Slow Wind Speed for Mini Power Generation. Tech. N.p.: Elsevier, 2008. Future Energy Journal for Our Planet. [3] Elfarral, Monier A., Nilay Sezer Uzol, and Sinan Akmandor NREL VI Rotor Blade: Numerical Investiagion and Winglet Design and Optimization Using CFD. Tech Journal of Fluides Engineering 2002; 124: 393-399. [4] "Wind Turbine Power System." Turbine Technologies, n.d. Web. 31 July 2015. [5] “Georgia Wind Resource Map and Potential Wind Capacity. “ WINDExchange; U.S. Department of Energy, n.d Web. 26 July 26, 2015 [6] “Wind Map | NOAA” Wind Map | NOAA National Centers For Environmental Information, n.d, Web. 25 July 2015.

Khalid, A., & Roper, C. D. (2016, June), Research Learning Experience while Designing Wind Turbine for Low Speed Wind Applications Paper presented at 2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, New Orleans, Louisiana. 10.18260/p.26083

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