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Student Confidence and Metacognitive Reflection with Correlations to Exam Performance in a FE Review Course in Chemical Engineering

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2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access


Virtual On line

Publication Date

June 22, 2020

Start Date

June 22, 2020

End Date

June 26, 2021

Conference Session

Perceptions, Reflections, Collaborations, and Student Support in Chemical Engineering

Tagged Division

Chemical Engineering

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Paper Authors


Sheima J. Khatib Texas Tech University

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Sheima J. Khatib is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Texas Tech University. She received her Ph.D. in Chemistry in the area of heterogeneous catalysis from the Autonomous University of Madrid. Apart from her interests in chemical engineering and finding sustainable paths for production of fuels and chemicals (for we she has received several grants including the NSF CAREER award), she is passionate about engineering education, application of active learning strategies and metacognition in the classroom.

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Roman Taraban Texas Tech University

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Roman Taraban is Professor in the Department of Psychological Sciences at Texas Tech University. He received his Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from Carnegie Mellon University. His interests are in how undergraduate students learn, and especially, in critical thinking and how students draw meaningful connections in traditional college content materials.

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William D Lawson P.E., Ph.D. Texas Tech University

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William D. Lawson, P.E., Ph.D. serves as an Associate Professor of Civil Engineering at Texas Tech University. His career in higher education is characterized by excellence and innovation in teaching, award-winning scholarship and sponsored research, and professional service at the national, regional and local levels. Creative activities encompass both technical research on geotechnical applications in transportation, and interdisciplinary study of professionalism, ethics, and trust/ trustworthiness in professional-client relationships. A licensed engineer with over 35 years experience in engineering education and practice, Dr. Lawson has provided project management and technical oversight for geotechnical, construction materials, transportation, environmental, and facilities projects nationwide.

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Metacognitive reflection and problem-solving confidence are important factors in the development of problem-solving skills. The present research focuses on chemical engineering seniors who completed a 3-credit course that, in part, reviewed major Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Chemical topics like mass transfer and fluid mechanics in order to prepare for taking the FE exam. Changes in students’ confidence and reflective processing were measured through a weekly survey for which they received a small homework credit. Survey responses were submitted by approximately 98 students after each of eight weekly problem-solving review sessions. Quantitative survey responses showed significant gains in confidence after FE topic review activities and relatively consistent benefits in FE test performance associated with confidence ratings and metacognitive reflection ratings. The present methods and findings provide a tentative model for ongoing course assessment that could aid engineering educators in strengthening instructional practices.

Khatib, S. J., & Taraban, R., & Lawson, W. D. (2020, June), Student Confidence and Metacognitive Reflection with Correlations to Exam Performance in a FE Review Course in Chemical Engineering Paper presented at 2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual On line . 10.18260/1-2--35222

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