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The Diversified Implementation Path of China's "New Engineering" Construction and the University’s Choice of Paths

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Conference

2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Tampa, Florida

Publication Date

June 15, 2019

Start Date

June 15, 2019

End Date

June 19, 2019

Conference Session

Multidisciplinary Engineering Programs

Tagged Division

Multidisciplinary Engineering

Tagged Topic

Diversity

Page Count

21

DOI

10.18260/1-2--33381

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/33381

Download Count

256

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Paper Authors

biography

Lina Wei Zhejiang University

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Wei Lina, Ph.D candidate in Institute of China’s Science Technology and Education Policy in Zhejiang University. Research direction:Engineering education reform and interdisciplinary research.

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biography

Wei Zhang Zhejiang University

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2015-Present Professor, Institute of China's Science,Technology and Education Strategy, Zhejiang University
Associate director of Research Center on Science and Education Development Strategy, Zhejiang University
2012-2014 Professor, School of management, Hangzhou Dianzi University
Dean of Organization Management, School of management, Hangzhou Dianzi University
2008-2012 Director of Teaching & Research Division, School of management, Hangzhou Dianzi University
2007-2012 Associate Professor, School of management, Hangzhou Dianzi University
2005-2007 Assistant Professor, School of management, Hangzhou Dianzi University

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Abstract

Background Emerging Engineering Education (3E) is a reform direction of engineering education based on the new needs of China's strategic development and the new situation of international competition. Compared with traditional engineering, new engineering generally refers to an emerging field of engineering, which is newly born and has not yet formed a complex of relatively mature engineering education concept, disciplinary structure, talent cultivation model, teaching quality standard, organizational operation mechanism and supportive service system. At present, Chinese colleges and universities actively promote the pilot reform of new engineering majors. 612 projects from universities across the country have been recognized as the first batch of "New Engineering" research and practice projects by the Ministry of Education, indicating that the construction of new engineering in universities has entered the implementation stage. Purpose/Hypothesis This study in-depth interviews with 15 typical "New Engineering" universities, aiming to extract the implementation path of "new engineering" in China, and provide a useful reference for the development of "new engineering ." Specifically, the research questions in this study are: (1) What are the core paths of China's new engineering construction? (2) What is the selection model of the "new engineering" construction path for different types of colleges and universities? Design/Method Firstly, based on the previous literature, the theoretical model of "new engineering" construction was constructed. Then, through semi-structured interview method, the first-hand data of new engineering path selection in colleges and universities was obtained, and content analysis technology was applied to analyze the data in a bid to verify the theoretical model extract key factors in the construction of new engineering in colleges and universities eventually. Results Research shows that the path of discipline integration, the path of discipline derivative, the path of Exogenously industry-led, and the path of Endogenously discipline-driven have become the main paths for the construction of "new engineering" in colleges and universities. Moreover, the path of engineering innovation has also been fully affirmed by some universities. The nature of disciplines along with the types and characteristics of colleges and universities exerts an influence over the choice of new engineering pathways in universities, universities and colleges at local level have relatively restricted options in the path of new engineering construction. Conclusions Based on the data results, the research further explores the connection and combination model between the university's main body and the new engineering construction path.(1) engineering advantaged college and universities can take advantage of technology and engineering, and give priority to the "the exogenously industry-led" transformation path and the "disciplinary integration" new path.(2) Comprehensive universities should give full play to the supporting role of basic disciplines and the advantages of cross-disciplinary integration. New engineering will be built through the path of "discipline-derived" and "disciplinary integration" .(3) Local universities and colleges should give priority to adopting the "the exogenously industry-led" path, construct a collaborative education system for deep cooperation between schools and enterprises, and enhance the service capabilities of region-oriented advantaged industries.

Wei, L., & Zhang, W. (2019, June), The Diversified Implementation Path of China's "New Engineering" Construction and the University’s Choice of Paths Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--33381

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