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Toward a Process-Centered Approach for Systems Engineering Education

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2017 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Columbus, Ohio

Publication Date

June 24, 2017

Start Date

June 24, 2017

End Date

June 28, 2017

Conference Session

Systems Engineering Division Technical Session 3

Tagged Division

Systems Engineering

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Paper Authors


Mohammed BOUGAA CentraleSupelec and EISTI

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Mohammed Bougaa, is a PhD candidate at CentraleSupélec engineering school, in France. He is exercising his research and teaching activities at EISTI, a computer science and mathematics engineering school. He got graduated as a computer sciences engineer in 2011 from the Higher National School of Computer Sciences ESI ex. INI, in Algiers, Algeria, and received his master degree in virtual reality and smart systems from the French Evry Val d’Essonne University, in 2013. He is the main author of several scientific publications, and his is interested in different topics that deal with education in general, with a focus on engineering education. He is currently focusing on studying the impact of technologies and international standards, on systems engineering education experiences.

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Stefan Bornhofen EISTI

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Stefan Bornhofen was born in 1972. He studied mathematics and computer science at the University of Mainz, and received a PhD degree in computer science from the University Paris-Sud, Orsay in 2008. He fills a teaching and research position at the EISTI engineering school in Cergy near Paris, and is the head of the master's program "Visual Computing" specializing in computer graphics, computer vision and human-computer interaction. Stefan has strong interests in virtual worlds and immersive experiences. Current his research interests include computer art, data visualization and immersive CAO.

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Alain Riviere is a full professor at the Institut Supérieur de Mécanique de Paris, Supmeca. He received the PhD title from the Ecole Central de Paris, in 1993. Now he is the general director of Supméca. Prof. Alain Riviere is author or co-author of two scientific books and more than sixty scientific papers related to CAD-CAM designing, with a particular focus on geometrical product specification. He is a member of the French Association of Mechanics (AFM). He was the director of LISMMA Lab for five years, from 2005 to 2010.

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Jean-Claude TUCOULOU is the vice-president of AFIS, INCOSE French chapter, since 2013. Prior to that, he occupied many positions at AFIS, including scientific director and technical director positions during seven years. He played a great role in promoting systems engineering in France, especially by being the policy officer of the RobAFIS students challenge since 2007. RobAFIS challenge is a yearly student competition for robot design, whose main goal is the promotion of Systems Engineering. About ten student teams from French universities and engineering schools participate in this competition each year.
Jean-Claude exercised for more than 30 years in the defense Industry, at “Giat Industries”, Nexter Group now. He mainly occupied managerial positions, first as development manager of terrestrial defense systems for 24 years. Then as human resources manager for eight years, during this period he was in charge of managers careers management and development, including skills and competencies relative to project management, systems development and productions, and R&D methods and technologies. He also has been a part of Hay Group in 2000 as a certified trainer in leadership development and managerial practices.

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Dealing with today's complex systems needs high qualified Systems Engineers profiles. In order to be effective as Systems Engineer, engineering students need practical and real world experience in addition to the necessary knowledge in their traditional engineering discipline. This make teaching Systems Engineering more challenging, and amplifies its complexity, especially by the needs to make call to new learning approaches allowing a Geo-located learning context, while ensuring the learning goals has been achieved.

While in the past, most of efforts was done by industrial actors, significant efforts are being done these days in the discipline of systems engineering, by both industrial and academic fields. Industries and governments in the first side, are developing standards, norms, competency models, and documentation, while deploying and making use of systems engineering approaches in everyday’s projects, and promoting it to smaller entities. In the other side, academic institutions and researchers, often in collaboration with industries, are investigating new paths to teach systems engineering. Starting by getting interested by defining which competency models best characterize a systems engineer, which pedagogical model should be used in teaching this discipline, what nature and characteristics the learning environment and context should have, and what role educator should have. In the work described in this paper, We are interested by all of these topics, in addition and with a special interest, we are interested by the role of systems engineering standards, on how they can and should be used for systems engineering learning purposes.

In this paper we present our in-depth study about Systems Engineering Education, by surveying its pedagogical goals, and by investigating the requirements for a powerful solution to meet these goals. Then we'll present our proposed global solution, while focusing on the concept of "a Standard-Centered framework for Systems Engineering Education". A concept where every learning and teaching action is represented as a process, and where Standardized Systems Engineering Processes represent the heart of the solution. Students will not be able to only engineer the requested system, but also to engineer it the right way, and learning by the way the fundamental principles and processes of Systems Engineering, along with communication, team management, collaboration, and related soft skills.

We conclude our paper, by presenting the solution evaluation results and our plans for further work to improve the outcomes of this solution.

BOUGAA, M., & Bornhofen, S., & RIVIERE, A., & TUCOULOU, J. (2017, June), Toward a Process-Centered Approach for Systems Engineering Education Paper presented at 2017 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Columbus, Ohio. 10.18260/1-2--29035

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