Asee peer logo

Using Design of Experiments and the PDSA to improve 3-D Printing in a Senior-Level Quality Course

Download Paper |


2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Tampa, Florida

Publication Date

June 15, 2019

Start Date

June 15, 2019

End Date

October 19, 2019

Conference Session

Engineering Management Division Technical Session 2

Tagged Division

Engineering Management

Tagged Topic


Page Count




Permanent URL

Download Count


Request a correction

Paper Authors


Mustafa Shraim Ohio University

visit author page

Dr. Mustafa Shraim is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Engineering Technology & Management at Ohio University in Athens, Ohio. He received both of his B.S. and M.S. degrees from Ohio University in 1986 and 1989, respectively. He received his Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering from West Virginia University in 1996.

Dr. Shraim’s research interests are in the area of quality engineering. Specifically, they cover Lean / Six Sigma methods and including incorporating experimental design to optimize operations. Other research interests include the Deming System of Profound Knowledge (SoPK), developing continuous improvement programs as well as sustainable management systems based on ISO 9001, ISO 14001, and other international standards.

He has over 20 years of experience in the quality management field as a quality engineer, corporate quality manager, consultant and trainer. His experience is extensive in quality management systems as wells as Lean and Six Sigma methods. In addition, he coached and mentored Green & Black Belts on process improvement projects in the manufacturing and service industries.

Dr. Shraim is a Certified Quality Engineer (CQE) & a Certified Six Sigma Black Belt (CSSBB) by The American Society for Quality (ASQ). He is also a certified Quality Management Systems (QMS) Lead Auditor by the International Register of Certificated Auditors (IRCA) in London. He was elected a Fellow by ASQ in 2007.

visit author page

Download Paper |


Research has shown that project-based learning (PBL) is more engaging than traditional teaching methods. Deming’s plan-do-study (PDSA) can be used as means for delivering PBL effectively. In this paper, a senior course project will demonstrate how PDSA and design of experiment were used to both learn about a manufacturing process and how to improve it. Students used three manufacturing processes including 3D printing. As additive manufacturing in the form of 3-D printing is becoming more popular in research and development as well as in limited production, it still has many challenges when it comes to manufacturing at a large scale. These challenges include cost of making the product as well as speed of production. While these challenges are technology-based, studying current 3-D printing processes for improving quality and reducing cost can still be achieved. Students are asked to study the process and identify factors that impact quality and productivity with the objective of improving both. Utilizing the 3-D printing process with PDSA, this paper will attempt to answer the following questions: (1) Can this process be improved using the PDSA and designed experiments? and (2) Will students learn better using the PDSA and design of experiments?

Shraim, M. (2019, June), Using Design of Experiments and the PDSA to improve 3-D Printing in a Senior-Level Quality Course Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--33500

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2019 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015