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100 Percent Renewable Energy for Pennsylvania via Solar, Wind, and Water

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2017 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Columbus, Ohio

Publication Date

June 24, 2017

Start Date

June 24, 2017

End Date

June 28, 2017

Conference Session

Energy Conservation

Tagged Division

Energy Conversion and Conservation

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Paper Authors


Rajarajan Subramanian Pennsylvania State University, Harrisburg

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For more than 25 years, Dr. Rajarajan Subramanian has worked in government, industry and education. He earned his B.E in 1982 from Annamalai University, India. He earned his Ph.D. and master’s degree in Civil Engineering from the Department of Civil & Costal Engineering, University of Florida. He is a member of many professional committees and several professional societies. His areas of specialization include Portland Cement Concrete, Asphalt Cement Concrete, Sustainable Energy in Buildings and Roads and Construction Project Management. Currently, he is teaching Civil and Construction Engineering at Pennsylvania State University at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

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Fazil T. Najafi University of Florida

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Dr. Fazil T. Najafi

For more than forty years, Dr. Fazil T. Najafi has worked in government, industry and education. He earned a BSCE in 1963 from the American College of Engineering, in his place of birth, Kabul, Afghanistan, and since then came to the United States with a Fulbright scholarship earning his MS in civil engineering in 1972 and a Ph.D. degree in transportation in 1977. His experience in industry includes work as a highway, structural, mechanical, and consultant engineer and construction manager for government groups and private companies. Najafi went on to teaching, first becoming an assistant professor at Villanova University, Pennsylvania in 1977, a visiting professor at George Mason University, and then to the University of Florida, Department of Civil Engineering, where he advanced to associate professor in 1991 and then full professor in 2000 in the Department of Civil and Coastal Engineering. He has received numerous awards including a scholarship award (Fulbright), teaching awards, best paper awards, community service awards, and admitted as an Eminent Engineer into Tau Beta Pi. His research on passive radon-resistant new residential building construction was adapted in HB1647 building code of Florida Legislature. Najafi is a member of numerous professional societies and has served on many committees and programs, and continuously attends and presents refereed papers at international, national, and local professional meetings and conferences. Lastly, Najafi attends courses, seminars and workshops, and has developed courses, videos and software packages during his career. His areas of specialization include transportation planning and management, legal aspects, construction contract administration, renewable energy, and public works.

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100% Renewable energy for Pennsylvania via Solar, Wind, Water and STEM


The growing energy crisis all over the world forced us to seek for alternative forms of energy such as solar, wind and water bound. Each and every state in the United States strives to make it possible to introduce some sort of renewable energy via either solar, wind or water driven methods. The primary objective of this study is to determine the feasibility of converting the state of Pennsylvania’s energy production to 100% renewable using cutting edge technology that exists today. The scope of the study will include reviewing the current status of renewable energy within the state, the current projections for Pennsylvania's future renewable energy production, and proposing a plan for creating a reliance on renewable energy. There is a broad review of how all the utilities in the state produce their power, as well as a review of the current literature and journals about the future of Pennsylvania’s renewable energy front. In addition, a review of The Solutions Project will be done to determine whether or not the plan they put forth for the state of Pennsylvania is applicable, with a review of the feasibility and success of analogous projects like Germany’s government backed solar incentives.

Also, there is a need for attracting younger generation towards Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) field as United States is in shortage of engineers and scientists. The renewable energy is one of the areas where lot of engineers and scientists are going to be employed in the future. It can be emphasized that STEM workforce plays important role for Pennsylvania to achieve 100% renewable energy. In academia, a lot of emphasis should be given on including the aspects of renewable energy into the engineering curriculum.

Subramanian, R., & Najafi, F. T. (2017, June), 100 Percent Renewable Energy for Pennsylvania via Solar, Wind, and Water Paper presented at 2017 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Columbus, Ohio. 10.18260/1-2--27431

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