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3-D Design: Form and Light

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2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Indianapolis, Indiana

Publication Date

June 15, 2014

Start Date

June 15, 2014

End Date

June 18, 2014



Conference Session

Architectural Design Topics in Architectural Engineering

Tagged Division


Page Count


Page Numbers

24.13.1 - 24.13.13



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Paper Authors


Mary Ann Frank Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis

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Senior Lecturer, Interior Design

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Beth Huffman Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis

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Beth Huffman is a lecturer at Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) in the interior design department. She is a licensed architect with specialties in sustainability and construction. Beth's classroom pedagogy is focused on the practices of design/ build. She often encourages students to build a portion of their projects at full scale, in order to understand construction connections and details.

Beth has her Master's of Science degree in Architecture from the Illinois Institute of Technology and her Bachelor's of Architecture degree from Ball State University. Additionally, she continues to practice architecture through her own company, Muse Design. She enjoys the synergistic relationship between her role as a professor and her role as an architect, and believes that this hybrid provides real world practicality into the classroom on a daily basis.

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3-D Design: Form and LightThis paper describes method and evaluation of pedagogical experiences in 3-D design. AtIUPUI, design students learn properties of form utilizing 3-D design methods of structure andaesthetic properties. This experience combines structural learning methods with 3-dimensionalproperties of light quality and distribution during two consecutive course terms. Students designand build a full-scale suspended luminaire to suit a given design concept and LED lightingtechnology. The design process includes conceptual design, schematics, scaled drawings andstudy models, construction, experimentation, and assessment of lighting effects within thecontext of 3-D design. With changes and improvements in LED technology, students explorefirst-hand its properties, advantages, and limitations, while building upon a foundation ofillumination knowledge. Students are thus able to evaluate 3-D form and techniques within afunctional design context as well as formulate valid assessment criteria of design solutions.In the first semester, students focus on how to utilize professional modeling materials to enhancethe atmosphere of a space through design and lighting. Experimentation through sketching andstudy models affords students the opportunity to explore different techniques with variousmaterials, as well as allowing students to capitalize on the different qualities of LED lighting.Students work with an actual campus space and have the opportunity to test their results onclassmates and fellow students alike. Special attention is paid to construction detailing and modelquality for the duration of the project in the first semester, with an emphasis on professional andappropriate modeling materials. Additionally, students are evaluated on the proper quality oflight produced for the space and the incorporation of a design theme.Students follow the initial semester experience with their completed luminaires in the secondcourse when lighting effects and technology advancements are explored. With continuouschanges in LED technology for architectural lighting, students are able to experience the rapidadvancement in this field with an updated palette of lamp selection in the second semester. Asprinted course materials do not necessarily keep pace with current LED products, this courseexperience enables students to analyze and evaluate advancements in the technology. Bystudying the interaction of light with form, texture, and materials, students are able to assess theimpact of their design on the interior environment.

Frank, M. A., & Huffman, B. (2014, June), 3-D Design: Form and Light Paper presented at 2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana. 10.18260/1-2--19904

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