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A Laboratory For Non Destructive Evaluation Of Civil Structures

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1997 Annual Conference


Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Publication Date

June 15, 1997

Start Date

June 15, 1997

End Date

June 18, 1997



Page Count


Page Numbers

2.20.1 - 2.20.13



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Paper Authors

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Mumtaz Usmen

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John Raad

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Haluk Aktan

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NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Session 1526

A Laboratory for Non Destructive Evaluation of Civil Structures

John Raad, Haluk Aktan, Mumtaz Usmen NSF ASEE/Wayne State University


This paper describes the modifications made to the civil engineering materials laboratory course to include non destructive testing procedures. The materials course is required in the undergraduate program and taken at the junior level. The materials course as it was offered primarily covered the design and properties of Portland cement concrete, steel and asphaltic concrete. Additionally, testing for the properties of wood, plastics and aluminum was covered. The objective was to teach and conduct state-of-the-practice methods of obtaining virgin properties of materials which represents the basis of designing and constructing new structures.

The motivation behind the inclusion of non-destructive procedures in the materials laboratory was the urgent need for rehabilitating the nation’s infrastructure. Civil engineers are responsible for the design, maintenance, inspection and operation of almost all public infrastructure such as transportation structures, water resources, water system structures and delivery structures, energy production and delivery systems, and building structures. An essential need today is in evaluating the safety, remaining service life, repair and rehabilitation of these structures in service.

The paper describes the non destructive procedures incorporated into the materials laboratory, namely:

x Eddy Current Procedure for mapping reinforcing bar topology in concrete structures. x Hall effect sensors for mapping corrosion of reinforcing bars in concrete structures. x Chloride Ion profiling for measuring the infiltration of deicing salt in concrete structures. x Permeability measurement of concrete in service. x Ultrasonic testing for defect identification in concrete and steel structures. x Acoustic emission for monitoring of structures in service.

The paper also summarizes the student feedback on the changes made to the materials course.


Non Destructive Testing (NDT) can be defined as being able to derive materials properties without having to damage the structure or the test specimen, or the use of destructive sampling methods. As these non destructive testing procedures become more prevalent in the engineering


Usmen, M., & Raad, J., & Aktan, H. (1997, June), A Laboratory For Non Destructive Evaluation Of Civil Structures Paper presented at 1997 Annual Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 10.18260/1-2--6661

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