June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
12.129.1 - 12.129.16
Analysis of Information Networks of Freshman Engineering Students
The effect of social interactions on individual and collective performance is receiving increased attention. The general assumption is that an individual’s success is, to a large extent, dependent on social ties and attainment of social capital. This paper presents the results of a study performed to determine if social interaction within freshman classes in the College of Engineering (COE) at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) correlates with academic performance. Also of interest was whether the interactions between genders had a significant affect on academic performance. Better academic performance is cited in the literature as improving retention and graduation rates; therefore, if factors that affect academic performance can be understood measures can be taken to help students perform better.
Five UTK freshman classes taught by the Engineering Fundamentals (EF) Division were surveyed to determine their interaction with the rest of the members in their class. Academic performance of the class as a whole and of each gender was retrieved from the class’s instructor at the end of the semester. This data was analyzed in terms of demographics and sharing of information. Social network analysis of the interactions within the class was used to identify density and structure of networks. A description of the analysis, results, conclusions, and recommendations are provided as a basis for recognizing the potential impact of social networking in forming teams and in conducting classroom discussions. These results could also be used to determine better ways to present materials and provide information to improve academic performance. Investigation of factors that influence academic performance is important in order to know what may improve the success rate of engineering students. By improving the success rate of students, more students will remain and graduate in engineering.
Amongst graduating high school students, the number of students interested in engineering is declining; and, of the students who enter engineering, only fifty percent graduate in engineering.8 The Science, Math, and Engineering (SME) majors have “the highest defection rates among undergraduates [and] the lowest recruitment rates.”14 The number of students leaving the engineering curriculum would not affect the numbers so “severely if there were compensating inflows [of students] along the way; however, the dominant flow is outward.”14 In education columnist Jay Matthew’s16 article, “Five Weird Ways To Graduate College,” number five on the list was “don’t major in engineering.” Unfortunately, it seems that engineering students feel this way as well and are choosing to switch majors or drop out of college entirely.
Important factors that lead to the successful retention of college students have been studied for decades. Several factors that researchers agree contribute to a student’s academic success are “high standards for academic learning and conduct, meaningful and engaging pedagogy and curriculum, professional learning communities among staff, and personalized learning environments.”13 One of the single major predictors of persistence within engineering is
Jackson, D., & Abdulla, S. (2007, June), A Study On Social Networking Among Engineering Freshmen Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. https://peer.asee.org/2864
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