June 23, 2013
June 23, 2013
June 26, 2013
Design in Engineering Education
23.122.1 - 23.122.13
A Team-effectiveness Inventory for Guided Reflection and FeedbackTeam-based projects have become a common teaching practice in engineering courses as ameans to simulate real-world environments. In these courses, students are often instructed on thetechnical aspects of the project material, but are expected to learn how to function effectively asa team implicitly. Team-based projects offer students rich learning opportunities to absorb coursematerial while simultaneously developing important teamwork skills - provided student learningin both areas is addressed. To facilitate this integrated learning, a web-based intervention is beingdesigned to create a virtual environment in which students can learn about their team-effectiveness competencies through the use of self- and peer-assessment in their project teams.This paper outlines the development of the Team-effectiveness Inventory (TEI) used to facilitatethese assessments. Specifically, the objective of the TEI is to create a common language bywhich guided reflection and feedback can be provided based on visible behaviour competencies.An initial version of the TEI was developed with three aspects of team-effectiveness(organizational, relational and communication) and 27 competencies. This TEI was studiedthrough responses collected in a first year engineering design class of 200 students in 2012.Correlation and clustering analysis was applied to these data along with survey and focus groupfeedback from the teaching assistants and students. Based on the results, the 27 competencieswere reduced and consolidated down to 18, with the new TEI currently being studied in twoupper year courses to validate the modifications. Details of the modified TEI, as well as studentoutcomes and perceptions of its utility to their learning from both studies will be discussed, alongwith a set of assessment metrics that provide useful information on students’ team-effectivenessfor instructional staff.
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