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AEC Jobs in Healthcare Facilities Management Through BIM

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2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Seattle, Washington

Publication Date

June 14, 2015

Start Date

June 14, 2015

End Date

June 17, 2015





Conference Session

BIM in Architectural Engineering

Tagged Division


Page Count


Page Numbers

26.164.1 - 26.164.10



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Paper Authors


Nancy Hardin Bounds University of Southern Mississippi

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Nancy Bounds graduated with a Bachelor of Interior Design from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, later obtaining her Master of Science in Healthcare Interior Design from Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, TX. For over 35 years, Ms. Bounds has designed and managed a wide variety of projects, including major healthcare projects all over the world. She is currently an Assistant Professor of Interior Design at University of Southern Mississippi where she teaches BIM technology within the School of Construction. As a practitioner, Ms. Bounds has used Revit and BIM to improve interior design processes. Throughout her career, Ms. Bounds has worked closely with architects, engineers and facility managers and is keenly aware of the extensive data and coordination that large projects require. The aim of her research is to leverage BIM’s capabilities in the interior architectural field and to train a future generation of interior designers to integrate their work with those of the architectural, engineering and facility management professions.

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BIM implementation in major healthcare systems across the United States ****** and ******Multiple regulations, technical requirements, and involvement of various stakeholders influencethe design of healthcare facilities. Even though such facilities have repetitive activities, they havehigher moving parts in comparison to other facilities, thereby complicating the process of design,construction, operation, and maintenance. Use of BIM (Building Information Modeling) over thelifecycle of a healthcare facility (from design inception to facility operation and maintenance)resolves complexity to a certain degree and generates a multitude of benefits for stakeholders.These benefits can be passed to the owner or the healthcare system. However, interoperabilityissues still persist thereby hindering full utilization by the team over the lifecycle of the facility.In addition, multiple researchers investigating adoption and implementation of BIM identifiedthe level of BIM training (facility managers, staff of designer, builder, and sub-contractors) andtransfer of information to the facility managers as some of the key areas of concern. The researchidentified how major healthcare systems use BIM for multiple projects. A healthcare system is aconglomerate of hospitals and healthcare facilities run by an umbrella organization whose tasksalso include the design, construction and operation of the facilities. These facilities may includenot only medical care spaces but hospitality, institutional, and corporate facilities as well. Theresearch identified implementation and data usage patterns, barriers and key problems, andrequirements for the continued use of BIM by healthcare systems and associated stakeholdersduring the design, construction, operations and maintenance of healthcare facilities. The researchtargeted the top 25 non-profit healthcare systems, as ranked by the number of hospitals in eachsystem. The study utilized interview methodology and the sample was selected utilizingpurposive sampling. Interviews were conducted with major stakeholders (Owner representatives,Designers, Contractors, and Facility Managers) associated during the lifecycle of the facilitieswithin each healthcare system for the past seven years. During the interview, stakeholders wereasked about the usage of data, format in which information/data was transferred to facilitymanagers and method in which facility managers used the conveyed information. The studyfurther identified benefits accrued by facility managers with the transfer of the BIM modelduring the lifecycle for facilities. In addition, current usage patterns by designers, builders, andfacility managers for the top 25 healthcare systems were identified. Furthermore, the researchidentified if the adopting unit needed specialized staff with specific skillsets for completion ofthe tasks and if the process of BIM adoption resulted in the creation of new jobs. Finally, thestudy also identified barriers that various stakeholders of the healthcare system perceived for thecontinued implementation of BIM and if they would continue to use BIM for the design,construction, and management. Thus, the research provides an insight weather the AEC industryis ready to build healthcare facilities economically and holistically utilizing BIM especially whenresearchers project healthcare industry to be the strongest gainer within institutional sector, interms of construction activity, for the coming years.

Bounds, N. H. (2015, June), AEC Jobs in Healthcare Facilities Management Through BIM Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.23503

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