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All Innovation Is Innovation of Systems: An Integrated 3-D Model of Innovation Competencies

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Conference

2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Vancouver, BC

Publication Date

June 26, 2011

Start Date

June 26, 2011

End Date

June 29, 2011

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Entrepreneurship Courses and Outcomes II

Tagged Division

Entrepreneurship & Engineering Innovation

Page Count

33

Page Numbers

22.154.1 - 22.154.33

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/17435

Download Count

15

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Paper Authors

biography

William D. Schindel ICTT System Sciences

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William D. Schindel is president of ICTT System Sciences, a systems engineering company, and developer of the Systematica™ Methodology for model and pattern-based systems engineering. His 40-year engineering career began in mil/aero systems with IBM Federal Systems, Owego, NY, included service as a faculty member of Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, and founding of three commercial systems-based enterprises. He has consulted on improvement of engineering processes within automotive, medical/health care, manufacturing, telecommunications, aerospace, and consumer products businesses. Schindel earned the B.S. and M.S. in Mathematics.

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Samuel N. Peffers Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

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Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Peffers is Professor of Military Science at the Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology and a PhD student in Technology Management at Indiana State University.

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James H. Hanson Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

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James Hanson is an Associate Professor of Civil Engineering at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology where he has been teaching since 2002. Among the courses he teaches is the capstone design course where he has begun to introduce training on innovation to complement the systems approach to design. He has received several teaching and paper awards including the ASEE Illinois-Indiana Section Outstanding Teaching Award, the ASEE Outstanding New Mechanics Educator Award, and the ASEE Best Zone Paper Award.

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Jameel Ahmed Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

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Associate Professor of Applied Biology and Biomedical Engineering

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William A. Kline Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

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Bill Kline is Associate Dean and Professor of Engineering Management at Rose-Hulman. He joined Rose-Hulman in 2001 and was named Associate Dean and director of Rose-Hulman Ventures in 2005. Bill is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Illinois College, a Bronze Tablet graduate of University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, where he received a Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering. His teaching and professional interests include systems engineering, quality, manufacturing systems, innovation, and entrepreneurship.

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Abstract

All Innovation Is Innovation of Systems: An Integrated 3-D Model of Innovation CompetenciesThe development of the future generations of innovators is of central interest to engineeringeducators. What are the competencies of innovation and how do we do we develop them? Thereis a considerable body of scholarly, business, and popular literature concerned with thecharacteristics of innovative people and organizations, in which attention is frequently focusedon individual creativity and other personality traits, organizational cultures, and other non-technical capabilities. We argue here that the typical descriptions of innovation competencies arecorrect but incomplete, lacking critical dimensions that are essential for planning an educationalcurriculum and assessing progress within it.The foundation of our model of innovation competencies rests on our definition of innovation:The ability to develop novel solutions to problems that result in significantly enhancedstakeholder satisfaction. As engineering educators, we believe that innovation is only effectivewhen it includes the full cycle leading to delivery of improved stakeholder outcomes, and thisintroduces challenges beyond an initial creative mental leap. We accept that (1) certaindiscipline-specific technical competencies traditionally addressed by engineering educationalprograms can be important to innovation, and (2) we likewise accept that a collection of non-technical traits are also vital to successful innovators. However, in this paper we argue that thecombination of (1) discipline-specific technical skills and (2) non-technical competencies ismissing an entire dimension. This third dimension is a technical one, but not specific to adiscipline: it is the set of systems competencies. The resulting three-dimensional model providesan integrated view of the competencies of innovation, against which educators can plan, educate,and measure accomplishment.By separating but coupling the three dimensions of this model, we have a tool spanning differentengineering programs, providing an integrating framework for conversation across ourspecialties. We have identified assessment indicators used in demonstrating the attainment ofthese competencies. A novel aspect of these demonstrations along the systems dimension is theirexplicit use of Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) artifacts. The emergence of MBSEmethods has a transformative impact on not only performance of systemic aspects ofengineering, but also education in these methods. MBSE transforms “bag of tricks” and “body ofknowledge” engineering requiring decades to learn into scientifically-based systemic skills thatcan be learned and explicitly demonstrated by undergraduates.This paper is based upon work carried out by a summer workshop on innovation, building onhistorical work on institutional learning outcomes, industrial systems engineering methodology,and global research in characteristics of innovators. As a part of our institution’s emphasis oninnovation, we are now piloting the related methods in specific disciplines, some of which areillustrated in the paper.             

Schindel, W. D., & Peffers, S. N., & Hanson, J. H., & Ahmed, J., & Kline, W. A. (2011, June), All Innovation Is Innovation of Systems: An Integrated 3-D Model of Innovation Competencies Paper presented at 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC. https://peer.asee.org/17435

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