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Application of an E-book System in an Embedded System Course: Exploring Learning Effectiveness and Behaviors

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2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Seattle, Washington

Publication Date

June 14, 2015

Start Date

June 14, 2015

End Date

June 17, 2015





Conference Session

Innovative Use of Technology II

Tagged Division

Computers in Education

Tagged Topic


Page Count


Page Numbers

26.220.1 - 26.220.13



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Paper Authors


Ting-Ting Wu Graduate School of Technological and Vocational Education, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology

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Ting-Ting Wu is currently an Assistant Professor in the Graduate School of Technological and Vocational Education at National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan. She received her Ph.D. degree from the Department of Engineering Science at National Cheng Kung University. She received the MS degree in Information and Learning Technology from National University of Tainan. Her research interests include mobile and ubiquitous learning, information technology-applied instructions and intelligent learning systems.

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Rustam Shadiev Department of Engineering Science, National Cheng Kung University

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Dr. Rustam Shadiev is the postdoctoral research fellow at the Department of Engineering Science, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. His research interests include learning and instruction in online synchronous learning environment, human-computer interaction for collaboration, and speech to text recognition (STR) technology for learning.

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Yueh-Min (Ray) Huang National Cheng Kung University

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Dr. Yueh-Min Huang received his MS and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Arizona, respectively. He is currently a distinguished professor of the Department of Engineering Science and associate dean of Engineering College at National Cheng-Kung University, Taiwan. His research interests include e-Learning, embedded systems and artificial intelligence. He has co-edited 3 books published by Springer Verlag and has published over 200 refereed journal papers. His works have received over 4500 Google citations in recent 5 years. Dr. Huang has received many research awards, including best paper awards, such as GCCCE2013 and national competition prizes, such as the first prize of ARM Code-O-Rama 2012. He is also a winner of the distinguished research award of the National Science Council, Taiwan in 2010 and 2013, respectively. Dr. Huang is in the editorial board of several SSCI- and SCI-indexed journals such as Interactive Learning Environments and Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing. He was the technical program chair of International Conference on Web-based Learning (2013) and the general chair of AECT International Conference on the Frontier in e-Learning Research 2013 (ICFER) and the e-Learning Forum Asia 2014. Dr. Huang became a Fellow of British Computer Society (FBCS) in 2011 and a senior member of the IEEE.

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Chin-Feng Lai National Chung Cheng University

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Chin-Feng Lai is an associate professor at Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Chung Cheng University since 2014. He received the Ph.D. degree in department of engineering science from the National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, in 2008. He received Best Paper Award from IEEE EUC 2012. He has more than 100 paper publications. He is an associate editor-in-chief for Journal of Internet Technology and serves as editor or associate editor for IET Networks, International Journal of Internet Protocol Technology, KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems. He is TPC Co-Chair for the 12th IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (IEEE CIT-2012) and was selected an honorary member of the Phi Tau Phi Scholastic Honor Society of the Republic of China in 2009, TC member of Multimedia Systems & Applications Technical Committee (MSATC), IEEE Circuits and Systems Society, 2009 and Co-Chair of the Interest Group on Multimedia Services and Applications over Emerging Networks of the IEEE Multimedia Communication Technical Committee During 2012-2014. His research focuses on Internet of Things, Body Sensor Networks, E-healthcare, Mobile Cloud Computing, Cloud-Assisted Multimedia Network, Embedded Systems, etc. He is an IEEE Senior Member since 2012.

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E-book system evaluation of learning effectiveness and behaviors - a case of embedded system course In many non-English-speaking countries, reading professional English books is adifficult and challenging problem for those freshmen in universities, especially in therelated departments of engineering involving a great deal of professional technologiesand complexity theories. It needs to spend a lot of time to check those vocabularies andunderstand contents for the first contact with the books of original version (Lee & Good,2003; Lin, 2003; Zhang, Gao & Yang, 1996). With the prevalence of e-books, therehave been many studies to explore the potential application of e-books in education(Bennett, 2011; Korat, 2010; Shamir & Shlafer, 2011). In their research, a variety ofassistant tools developed in e-books have been proved to effectively enhance readingcomprehensions and further improve learning outcomes (Korat, 2010; Korat & Shamir,2008; Woody et al., 2010). This study tries to explore the potential application of e-books to learningengineering, where an interactive e-book learning system is built for an embeddedsystem course. In addition to providing general auxiliary functions, the e-book learningsystem also provides different ways of reading such as peed reading, intensive readingand main concept reading, and supply a comprehensive dictionary for embeddedsystems terminologies to give learners insight of the domain knowledge dictionary forexplanation knowledge. Besides, it also provides a variety of multimedia annotationfunctions to meet the needs of learners. The learning process of learners would berecorded on the back-end database which allows the learners to understand the self-learning track for facilitating future review and relevant analysis. The participants inthe experiment were randomly divided into two groups in a class. The control groupadopted the traditional way of teaching, whereas the experimental group introduced e-book learning system into course activities for assisted learning. According to theresults of statistical analysis, the learning performance of the experimental group wassignificantly higher than that of the control group. Furthermore, based on the portfolioanalysis of the experimental group, the frequency of checking the dictionary graduallyreduced over the time; revealing that the system could effectively enhance the learners'ability of reading comprehension.ReferenceBennett, L. (2011). Ten years of e-books: a review. Learned Publishing, 24(3), 222.Korat, O. (2010). Reading electronic books as a support for vocabulary, story comprehension and word reading in kindergarten and first grade. Computers & Education, 55(1), 24-31.Korat, O., & Shamir, A. (2008). The educational electronic book as a tool for supporting children's emergent literacy in low versus middle SES groups. Computers & Education, 50(1), 110-124.Lee, M., & Good, R. L. (2003). Making English reading easier for engineering students—Exploring the effects of reducing vocabulary processing load on EFL learners’ comprehension of scientific texts. Paper presented at the meeting of the Foreign Language Application Study in 2003, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung.Lin, W. T. (2003). A study of TVES [Technical and Vocational Education System] college students’ vocabulary size and the vocabulary of their English field-specific textbooks. Unpublished master’s thesis, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin, Taiwan, Republic of China.Shamir, A., & Shlafer, I. (2011). E-books effectiveness in promoting phonological awareness and concept about print: A comparison between children at risk for learning disabilities and typically developing kindergarteners. Computers & Education, 57(3), 1989-1997.Woody, W. D., Daniel, D. B., & Baker, C. A. (2010). E-books or textbooks: Students prefer textbooks. Computers & Education, 55(3), 945-948.Zhang, H., Gao, M. Y., & Yang, C. H. (1996). A study of the use of the content-area English textbooks in junior colleges: From the aspect of content-area teachers. The Eleventh Technological and Vocational Education Conference of the Republic of China (pp. 291-300). Kaohsiung: Kaohsiung Municipal Chung Cheng High School.

Wu, T., & Shadiev, R., & Huang, Y. R., & Lai, C. (2015, June), Application of an E-book System in an Embedded System Course: Exploring Learning Effectiveness and Behaviors Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.23559

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