June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
12.277.1 - 12.277.23
Assessing the Impact of Innovative ME Courses: Creating and Validating Tools
The goal of this research was to devise three measurement tools to assess the effectiveness of laboratory innovations for undergraduate engineering courses. The first tool was devised to measure attitudes and impressions about module content and delivery as well as attitudes toward engineering in general. We included a novel method for evaluating attitude by developing an adjective checklist that varied by gender (adjectives were masculine or feminine, negative, positive, or neutral). This was intended to gauge whether mechanical engineering, usually perceived to be masculine in nature, would gain a more gender-balanced image through innovative laboratory experiences. The second tool utilized conceptual questions (requiring no formal calculations) in a pretest-posttest format to determine whether students learned the laws of thermodynamics. The third tool took the form of a behavioral rubric designed to assess whether and how well students demonstrate knowledge of thermodynamics in subsequent settings such as internships and advanced mechanical engineering courses. Content validation of all measurement tools was conducted using engineering experts. Methodological strategies and challenges will be discussed.
Recently, a new course, Engineering in Your World (EYW)1, which fulfills the general education requirement for a science lab course, was developed at the College of Saint Catherine, and the course content for Thermodynamics2 at the University of St. Thomas was revised. The revisions were in the spirit of the liberal arts and included hands-on and group activities3, a focus on minimizing negative environmental impact4, consideration of social consequences5, and to challenge student stereotypes of a typical engineer6. In order to assess these innovations we decided to measure effectiveness on multiple levels: attitudinal, learning, and behavior change7. Attitudes toward a course are typically measured by student evaluations at the end of a course. Often these measures are standard across disciplines and, thus, are unable to capture information that speaks to specific course goals. Learning is typically measured by quizzes and test after the information is covered in class. Behavior change as a result of the course is usually assumed rather than measured.
We began the study described in this paper in 2004 by completing literature reviews in three fields of research (psychology, education, and engineering) before concluding that we needed to develop our own tools if we wanted to attempt to truly identify change. Essentially there were no standard, validated tools that met our needs. Thus, we set out to create and validate our own.
Effectiveness measures were developed on three levels: attitude, learning, and behavior: Pre- and post-course attitude surveys for students Pre- and post-course learning tests (calculation based and conceptual versions) Behavior rubric used by supervisors and faculty
Amel, E., & George, C., & Ng, Y. (2007, June), Assessing The Impact Of Innovative Me Courses: Creating And Validating Tools Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. 10.18260/1-2--1910
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