June 15, 2019
June 15, 2019
June 19, 2019
Nowadays, most of our daily activities can be performed indoors; according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), on average, an American spends 90% of their life indoors. Although multiple efforts towards sustainability have been implemented, indoor comfort and efficiency are still requiring numerous improvements. Therefore, continuous studies and advancement in building efficient design and user comfort are becoming vital to achieving the principles of sustainability, without altering the user activities and avoiding a negative impact on the environment. The green building evaluation and certification rating system Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design LEED®, developed by the United States Green Building Council (USGBC), has been committed to change the way professionals design buildings, and develop construction methods and techniques, to positively affect how the users perceive and interact with the built environment. This paper does not limit to the description of the rating system elements, yet, it does emphasize the important role performed by the engineering technology professional in technology applications. The paper includes a preliminary description of the importance of sustainability in the built environment; it discusses how home automation provides the professionals and the users with multiple methods on technology application and adaptation, to minimize the negative impact in energy consumption, to positively affect the economics and social aspects of the built environment. Commonly used automated and control systems and the importance of a nonintrusive approach is described, for example, automation and climate (HVAC) control, energy control, and lighting control. The importance of including sustainable practices and assignments in undergraduate engineering education is described in the Assistive Design and Home Automation Technology project: a project-based learning model with the use of microcomputers as part of the teaching and learning process, developed to provide the students with a hands-on approach to test the proposed assistive automation system. An important outcome is expected from the student: to translate the technical information into energy efficient strategies associated to user comfort, by providing improvements, or modifying the methods of user interaction with the technology required for completing daily tasks.
Olvera, A., & Pineda-Briseño, A., & Edinbarough, I. (2019, June), Assistive Technology Based on IoT in Building Automation: A Multidisciplinary Engineering Project Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. https://peer.asee.org/32133
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