San Antonio, Texas
June 10, 2012
June 10, 2012
June 13, 2012
Design in Engineering Education
25.239.1 - 25.239.15
Attitude Control for Optimal Generation of Energy From Multiple Energy SourcesAs renewable energy becomes more widely available, a need for autonomous andstandalone systems in remote locations will increase. However, the margins for energycollection are still low; the most efficient solar cells only achieve 40% efficiency. Tomaximize energy collection, it is necessary to create smart controllers to achieve optimalenergy collection and minimize operational power requirements. In this paper, wepropose a prototype and associated algorithms for control education usingMatlab/Simulink based on energy generation from solar and wind sources. It consists of acomputer-controlled collector of solar and wind energy sources. Using an Arduinoembedded system, two modules consisting of a solar and wind collector mounted to therotating base are individually controlled via a hardware-in-the-loop architectureinterfacing with Matlab. A control law is designed for each module to maximize energycollection using hybrid control theory. The educational integration of this system will bein three control education courses in the Aerospace and Mechanical EngineeringDepartment at the University of Arizona. The introduction of this real-life renewableenergy challenge in these courses will provide a practical application to solve usingclassroom theory.
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