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Board 54: Effective Stress and Upward Seepage Laboratory Demonstration

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2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Salt Lake City, Utah

Publication Date

June 23, 2018

Start Date

June 23, 2018

End Date

July 27, 2018

Conference Session

Civil Engineering Division Poster Session

Tagged Division

Civil Engineering

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Paper Authors


Matthew William Wooden Purdue University Northwest

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Matthew Wooden is an undergraduate student at Purdue University Northwest pursuing his Bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering with a minor in applied mathematics. He has strong interests in geotechnical engineering, more specifically, soil mechanics and foundation engineering, as well as hydrology and hydraulics.

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Jiliang Li P.E. Purdue University Northwest

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Dr. Jiliang Li, D.Eng, Ph.D., P.E., M.ASCE, M.ASEE, is an Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering at Purdue University Northwest. Before coming back to teach at University, he had industrial experience in several States with projects consulting experience ranging from small residential, commercial and subdivision projects to larger scale State DOT and federal projects after additional courses and research study of geotechnical engineering at UAkron. Dr. Li has teaching and research interests ranging from engineering mechanics encompassing statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials and geotechnics (including geomechanics, rock mechanics, soil mechanics and engineering geology/hydrology), probability and statistics applications in civil engineering, and reliability based LRFD of geotechnical engineering, design of earth structures, soil and rock exploration, geotechnical and foundation engineering in particular.

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Evan Laviolette First Group Engineering, Inc.


Yun Liu Purdue University Northwest

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Dr. Liu got his Ph.D from Purdue University. West Lafayette in 2016.
He joined the Purdue University Northwest in 2017.
He has taught Fluid Mechanics, Heat transfer, thermodynamics and Solar energy engineering.

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Understanding the different ways students grasp information, specifically students in STEM related fields, is necessary for effective teaching. The two main methods for learning/teaching are the inductive and deductive approaches. There is an obvious conflict in the classroom regarding the way students learn and the method of teaching used by professors. Implementing both inductive and deductive teaching methods by the use of hands-on lab work or by the use of simulated demonstrations within the course can increase the effectiveness of teaching. These fundamentals are directly related to real world engineering projects in the field and how students can build the connection between concept and application.

One of the most important aspects of geotechnical engineering is understanding the behavior of soils under different conditions. A senior design team has been advised to design and build a laboratory demonstration to accompany corresponding lectures in introductory soil mechanics courses aimed at studying the effects of upward seepage and the reduction of effective stresses during the process of liquefaction in soil, more commonly known as quicksand. This area of study was chosen for the dual purpose of providing laboratory time for college students enabling them to observe and connecting with real-world project failure mechanism study as well as provide simple, yet effective, displays for K-12 outreach events. It is the goal of this paper based on a senior design project to help connect, inspire and greatly impact the geotechnical learning that takes place on campus by opening opportunities for further more in-depth research studies.

Wooden, M. W., & Li, J., & Laviolette, E., & Liu, Y. (2018, June), Board 54: Effective Stress and Upward Seepage Laboratory Demonstration Paper presented at 2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Salt Lake City, Utah. 10.18260/1-2--30056

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