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Board 71: Assessment of Scientific Literacy Skills and Attitudes of Undergraduate Construction Management Students

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Conference

2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Salt Lake City, Utah

Publication Date

June 23, 2018

Start Date

June 23, 2018

End Date

July 27, 2018

Conference Session

Construction Division Poster Session

Tagged Division

Construction Engineering

Tagged Topic

Diversity

Page Count

11

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/30093

Download Count

72

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Paper Authors

biography

Andrea Nana Ofori-Boadu North Carolina A&T State University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0001-6401-1399

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Andrea Ofori-Boadu, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Construction Management
Department of Built Environment, School of Technology
North Carolina A & T State University
Address: 112-A Price Hall
Phone: 336-285-3128
Email: andreao@ncat.edu

Dr. Andrea Ofori-Boadu is an Assistant Professor of Construction Management (CM) with the Department of Built Environment. She has a Ph.D. in Technology Management (Specialization in Construction Management), an M.Sc. in Industrial Technology (Specialization in Construction Management), and a B.Sc. in Building Technology. Dr. Ofori-Boadu has over 20 years of relevant academic and industry experience. Her major areas of research are in quality management, sustainable cement replacement materials, and STEM education.

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Abstract

Abstract Scientific literacy (SL) skills are critical for technically-trained construction professionals who are capable of transforming built environments through strategic decisions based on evidence-based reasoning. While most undergraduate construction curricula are designed to improve SL, no recent study was found to have assessed undergraduate construction students’ SL skills. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to assess the SL attitudes, skills, and self-efficacy of 46 undergraduate construction students. Data was obtained through students’ completion of the standard 28-item Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS) instrument; a student self-reporting SL self-efficacy survey; and focus group discussions. Results revealed that despite the overall mean SL self-efficacy score of 3.42 on the 5-point Likert scale, the mean TOSLS test score was 43%. The mean female TOSLS test score was approximately 7% higher than the mean male score; and the mean test score of senior construction students was 19% higher than that of the freshmen. This was statistically significant (p<0.05) and provided an indication that the construction program had somewhat contributed to the improvement of students’ SL skills; however, additional curriculum improvements are necessary to improve SL skills of construction students. The students’ best test performance was related to identifying valid science arguments and evaluating the misuse of scientific data; while their weakest performance was related to their somewhat weak quantitative aptitude. Their TOSLS problem solving quantitative scores were significantly (p<0.001) lower than TOSLS valid scientific argument scores. These results correlated well with departmental data associated with students’ struggles with courses such as ‘Surveying’ that need advanced quantitative skills. Overwhelmingly, construction students had positive attitudes towards science and mathematics, and agreed that these skills are needed for career success. This study demonstrates the need for curriculum improvements that will strengthen the SL skills of construction students. Furthermore, contributions add value to knowledge base necessary to advance construction education research on scientific literacy skill development. Insights provided may be used to guide construction curriculum improvement, with increased emphasis on quantitative skills for solving real-world problems. Strategies such as tutoring, mathematics laboratories, and math placement tests could increase students’ SL skills and better prepare them for careers in the construction industry. In the long-term, a more SL Built Environment workforce will have improved abilities and be better prepared to make evidence-based decisions that will transform global built environments.

Ofori-Boadu, A. N. (2018, June), Board 71: Assessment of Scientific Literacy Skills and Attitudes of Undergraduate Construction Management Students Paper presented at 2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Salt Lake City, Utah. https://peer.asee.org/30093

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