Asee peer logo

Board 88: A Sophomore’s Interdisciplinary Engineering Project Enhancing Learning and Engineering Education with International Applications and Markets Abroad (Student Poster)

Download Paper |


2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Tampa, Florida

Publication Date

June 15, 2019

Start Date

June 15, 2019

End Date

June 19, 2019

Conference Session

International Division Poster Session

Tagged Division


Page Count




Permanent URL

Download Count


Request a correction

Paper Authors


Alan Carbine Salt Lake Community College

visit author page

Alan Carbine is a Sophomore student at Salt Lake Community College, currently working towards earning an Associates degree in Pre-Engineering, Electrical Engineering.

Alan has worked in various fields: retail warehousing, glass tempering, and medical device production. He is currently an engineering technician at the medical device company where he has been for the past eight years.

Alan is the recipient of the Hope of America award (1987), and the Eagle Scout award (1993).

Alan lives in the Salt Lake Valley, is married, and has six children.

visit author page


Nick Safai Salt Lake Community College

visit author page

Dr. Nick M. Safai is an ASEE Fellow. He has been an ASEE officer and member for the past 30 years. He has been the six-time elected as the Program Chair of the ASEE International Division for approximately the past 15 years. Three times as the Program Chair for the Graduate Studies Division of ASEE. Nick has had a major role in development and expansion of the ID division. Under his term as the International Division Program Chair the international division expanded, broadened in topics, and the number of sessions increased from a few technical sessions to over eighteen sessions in the recent years.
The ASEE International Division by votes, has recognized Nick’s years of service through several awards over the past years. Nick has been the recipient of multiple Service awards (examples: 2013, 2010, 2006, 2004, 1996), Global Engineering Educators award (example: 2007, 2005), Best Paper award (examples: 2016, 2010, 2005, 2004, 1995) and other awards from the International Division for exceptional contribution to the international division of the American Society for Engineering Education.
Examples of some Awards from other Professional Organizations:
• American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE): Engineering Educator of the Year Award 2004.
• Utah Engineers Council, UEC: Engineering Educator of the Year 2005 award, in recognition of outstanding achievements in the field of engineering and for service to society.
• SLC Foundation; Salt lake City, Utah: Teaching Excellence Award 2004 and 2012.
* SLCC Faculkty Exemplary Service Award April 2015 and 2016.
• American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE): Chapter faculty Advisor recognition award 2002.
• Computational Sciences and Education; recognition for outstanding contributions and for exemplary work in helping the division achieve its goals1998.
• Engineering Division; recognition for outstanding contributions and for exemplary work in helping the division achieves its goals 1995.
• Science and Humanities; recognition for outstanding contributions and for exemplary work in helping the fields achieve its May 1994.
• Math & Physical Sciences; appreciation for academic expertise February 1994.

Academics: Nick Safai received his PhD degree in engineering from the Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey in 1979. He also did a one year post-doctoral at Princeton University after receiving his degrees from Princeton University. His areas of interest, research topics, and some of the research studies have been;
• Multi-Phase Flow through Porous Media
• Wave propagation in Filamentary Composite Materials
• Vertical and Horizontal Land Deformation in a De-saturating Porous Medium
• Stress Concentration in Filamentary Composites with Broken Fibers
• Aviation; Developments of New Crashworthiness Evaluation Strategy for Advanced General Aviation
• Pattern Recognition of Biological Photomicrographs Using Coherent Optical Techniques
Nick also received his four masters; in Aerospace Engineering, Civil Engineering, Operation Research, and Mechanical Engineering all from Princeton University during the years from 1973 through 1976. He received his bachelor’s degree in Mechanical engineering, with minor in Mathematics from Michigan State. Nick has served and held positions in Administration (Civil, Chemical, Computer Engineering, Electrical, Environmental, Mechanical, Manufacturing, Bioengineering, Material Science), and as Faculty in the engineering department for the past twenty seven years.

Industry experience: Consulting; since 1987; Had major or partial role in: I) performing research for industry, DOE and NSF, and II) in several oil industry or government (DOE, DOD, and NSF) proposals.
Performed various consulting tasks from USA for several oil companies (Jawaby Oil Service Co., WAHA Oil and Oasis Co., London, England). The responsibilities included production planning, forecasting and reservoir maintenance. This production planning and forecasting consisted of history matching and prediction based on selected drilling. The reservoir maintenance included: water/gas injection and gas lift for selected wells to optimize reservoir production plateau and prolonging well’s economic life.

Terra Tek, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, 1985-1987; Director of Reservoir Engineering; Responsible of conducting research for reservoir engineering projects, multiphase flow, well testing, in situ stress measurements, SCA, hydraulic fracturing and other assigned research programs. In addition, as a group director have been responsible for all management and administrative duties, budgeting, and marketing of the services, codes and products.

Standard oil Co. (Sohio Petroleum Company), San Francisco, California, 1983-85; Senior Reservoir Engineer; Performed various tasks related to Lisburne reservoir project; reservoir simulation (3 phase flow), budgeting, proposal review and recommendation, fund authorizations (AFE) and supporting documents, computer usage forecasting, equipment purchase/lease justification (PC, IBM-XT, Printer, etc.), selection/justification and award of contract to service companies, lease evaluation, economics, reservoir description and modeling, lift curves, pressure maintenance (gas injection analysis, micellar-flooding, and water-flooding), Special Core Analysis (SCA), PVT correlations, petrophysics and water saturation mapping.

Performed reservoir description and modeling, material balance analysis. Recovery factors for the reservoir. Administrative; coordination and organization of 2 and 6 week workplans, 1982 and 1983 annual specific objectives, monthly reports, recommendation of courses and training program for the group.
Chevron Oil Company, 1979- 1983;
Chevron Overseas Petroleum Inc. (COPI), San Francisco, California 1981-1983. Project Leader/Reservoir Engineer, Conducted reservoir and some production engineering work using the in-house multiphase model/simulators. Evaluation/development, budgeting and planning for international fields; Rio Zulia field – Columbia, Pennington Field – Offshore Nigeria, Valenginan, Grauliegend and Rothliegend Reservoir – Netherlands. Also represented COPI as appropriate when necessary.

Chevron Geo-Sciences Company, Houston, TX, 1979-1980 Reservoir Engineer Applications, Performed reservoir simulation studies, history matching and performance forecasting, water-flooding for additional recovery (Rangeley Field – Colorado, Windalia Field – Australia), steam-flooding performances (Kern River, Bakersfield, California), gas blowdown and injection (Eugene Island Offshore Louisiana) on domestic and foreign fields where Chevron had an interest, using Chevron’s CRS3D, SIS and Steam Tube simulator programs.

Chevron Oil Field Research Co. (COFRC), La Habra 1978-1979, California. Research Engineer, Worked with Three-Phase, Three-Dimensional Black Oil Reservoir Simulator, Steam Injection Simulator, Pipeflow #2. Also performed history matching and 20-year production forecast including gas lift and desalination plants for Hanifa Reservoir, Abu Hadriya Field (ARAMCO).

visit author page

Download Paper |


Abstract Motivating, and promoting interest in engineering subjects is sometimes a challenge specialty to freshman and sophomore students. This paper is my effort, as a sophomore in college, to share what I have experienced during recent work/internship experience. It has the potential of introducing interested individuals to the progression of thought that I have gone through as I seek and settle on acceptable results from the work I do. Prior to this work experience I mainly had thoughts of becoming an accountant. However through this project based learning I found my real passion.

The internship/ work study which was undertaken presents a project based learning based on industry experience and an academic degree earning pursuit. The application of laser markings on manufactured items is a necessary and sometimes challenging task. In the medical device industry, implants will soon be required to not only include human readable text as part of their identification markings, but also a Unique Device Identification (UDI) barcode that contains information on the manufacturer/distributor, part number, and lot number. These strings of text and code can, of necessity, become very small. The mere function of applying a mark to a product has application in multiple engineering disciplines such as Electrical, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Engineering. Applying these markings, whether by laser or some other means, must be done with care and precision, because the marked items may be used in a growing worldwide marketplace.

I have since taught others in the performance and details of this task, but in doing so have awakened a desire within myself to reach even higher, and to learn so much more about engineering. My apologies to accountants, but learning how to create, build, design, and provide objects and services that could help humankind all the world over has taken over the desire of old to crunch numbers and learn about tax codes. My degree choice has changed to Electrical Engineering, specifically, because I had to decide on one field officially. The desire to be proficient in Mechanical and Manufacturing engineering is strong as well, though. This new drive for learning has placed me on a path that I am still walking on. Though it extends far ahead of me, I am excited to see the many places that this path will take me.

This document will address some of the challenges encountered during the laser marking process and will explore some potential solutions to those challenges. Adjustments can be made to power levels, scanning speed, vertical location of the focal point, pulse frequency, and point/line separation. Varying those factors in thoughtful steps and planned combinations affect will directly affect the quality of the markings. The medical device industry deals greatly with stainless steel, titanium, and Polyether ether ketone (PEEK). Each material has different marking needs, and therefore different parameter settings. Discussion and analysis of how adjustments to these parameters affect the quality, sharpness, and even color of the resulting mark is the main purpose of this document. Conclusions will be made as to what generally constitutes an acceptable and legible string of text or barcode, and why achieving a repeatable and reliable mark is so important.

To accomplish this objective for a sophomore student with interest in this area, it has been arranged for an internship in a local company which does laser work and has the appropriate laser equipment. Additionally, the student was provided the necessary technical background and material within the engineering, physical sciences and mathematics departments to do his project. The engineering student, by taking the necessary courses, as well as getting practical experience at the internship within the industry, was able to go through the project and learn while having fun doing what he enjoys. The engineering student is now motivated to continue in this field and train other interested individuals in this subject.

Carbine, A., & Safai, N. (2019, June), Board 88: A Sophomore’s Interdisciplinary Engineering Project Enhancing Learning and Engineering Education with International Applications and Markets Abroad (Student Poster) Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--32450

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2019 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015