June 15, 2019
June 15, 2019
June 19, 2019
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) indicates that demand for engineers will continue to show a steady growth during the 2014-2024 period and expects greater-than-average growth from several individual engineering fields with rates ranging from 23.1% for biomedical engineers to 5.3 % for mechanical engineers. The increasing employment of engineers in service industries, research and development, and consulting is expected to generate most of the employment growth. The National Science Foundation in a 2015 Survey of Graduate Students and Post-doctorates in science and engineering found that from 2008 to 2013 STEM graduate students in the U.S. who were U.S. citizens or permanent residents rose 3.1%. Of these, 25.8% were Hispanic and 7.8% were African-American. A high level of achievement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education is essential if the U.S. is to maintain a leading role in space science, aeronautics, cybersecurity, and technology in general. At the same time, too many students are graduating high school without the skills needed to succeed in college. Almost 50% of high school graduates did not have any kind of college readiness course of studies. In 2015, high school graduation rates reached upward of 82 percent in the United States but a study of outcomes revealed that only about ten percent of them were actually are ready for college. Two-year colleges have the means to step in and facilitate the transition of students between high school and university The paper will present some initiatives that can be started in high schools and continued at the two-year college level to create a continuous flow of successful students into STEM fields at the university level. These initiatives are just one example of multiple efforts directed at building a unified approach for attracting, training, and retaining students in STEM fields and to articulate a seamless transition for a continuum of education that will fortify technical education for the new decade.
Dimitriu, D. G., & Fariabi, S., & Dimitriu, S. D., & Baker, L. M. (2019, June), Bridging the Gap: Two-Year Colleges at the Crossroads between High Schools and Universities in STEM Education Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. https://peer.asee.org/32477
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