Virtual On line
June 22, 2020
June 22, 2020
June 26, 2021
Minorities in Engineering
To broaden participation of Latinx in engineering, we conducted the largest scale, longitudinal retention study of an underrepresented minority group in engineering to date. Here, we present qualitative and quantitative findings of the 5-year project, which investigated the longitudinal effects of social cognitive, personal, and contextual factors on engineering students’ persistence decisions as posited by Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994; 2000). Additionally, we present themes that emerged from individual interviews with 30 Latinx engineering students. Findings illustrated how Latinx engineering students resisted the marginalization they experienced and cultivated cultures of support at predominantly White institutions (PWIs) and Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs). Moreover, using a sample of over 800 Latinx engineering students from 6 HSIs and 5 PWIs, we found that SCCT predictors contributed significant variance in satisfaction and persistence outcomes, with self-efficacy and supports serving as reliable predictors (Flores & Navarro, 2017; Navarro et al., 2019). We found nonsignificant, single-group differences in associations within the model (i.e., Latinxs vs. Whites); however, intersectional differences were found. Specifically, we found contextual differences for Latinx engineering students (i.e., differences between Latinxs attending HSIs and PWIs) and racial differences for engineering students attending PWIs (i.e., differences between Latinxs and Whites at PWIs). These results call into question prior SCCT studies related to model invariance across racial groups and suggest that interventions aimed at broadening Latinxs’ participation in engineering need to be tailored for Latinx student subgroups. The presentation will provide an overview of the project, will highlight key findings across the project’s studies, and will provide recommendations for educational interventions to support the persistence of Latinx students in engineering.
Flores, L. Y., & Navarro, R. L., & Hunt, H., & Lee, H., & Garriott, P. O. (2020, June), Broadening the Participation of Latinx in Engineering: Highlights from a National, Longitudinal Study Paper presented at 2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual On line . 10.18260/1-2--34229
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