Asee peer logo

Building Information Modeling: A New Frontier For Construction Engineering Education

Download Paper |

Conference

2007 Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Honolulu, Hawaii

Publication Date

June 24, 2007

Start Date

June 24, 2007

End Date

June 27, 2007

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Trends in Construction Engineering Education I

Tagged Division

Construction

Page Count

10

Page Numbers

12.333.1 - 12.333.10

DOI

10.18260/1-2--3000

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/3000

Download Count

172

Request a correction

Paper Authors

author page

Stephen Mulva Texas State University-San Marcos

biography

Robert Tisdel Texas State University - San Marcos

visit author page

Prior to taking his position at Texas State University as a full time instructor, Robert spent several years working in commercial architecture, specializing in advanced technology, corporate facilities and office design. While working as an architectural professional, Robert managed numerous projects ranging in scope from master plans to clean room design. As a LEE⁄s accredited professional, Robert works diligently to infuse sustainable innovation and environmental responsibility into everything he practices.

Robert holds a Masters of Architecture accredited program from Texas Tech University. He is currently employed as a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Engineering and Technology at Texas State University in San Marcos, Texas.

visit author page

Download Paper |

Abstract
NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Building Information Modeling: A New Frontier for Construction Engineering Education

Building Information Models (BIM’s) are 3D parametric, virtual representations of the built environment. These models can contain the same amount of information as present in an actual building. They are also capable of representing specific details to facilitate extended analysis as needed ahead of construction. For example, all the performance parameters of specific materials such as concrete masonry units or fabricated structural steel are linked to particular installations within the BIM. This allows for the possibility of integrated engineering design such as finite element analysis. Consequently, as BIM technology progresses and improves, it has important implications for the practical and educational aspects of construction engineering.

This paper explores the link between BIM implementation and onsite construction activity as experienced in a classroom setting. Starting with the design of a 36-unit multifamily residential project, students used BIM software to avoid conflict and enhance coordination ahead of actual construction. Live cost data were used to guide and inform the design process. This allowed students to make changes to building assemblies and components with an understanding of overall cost and schedule impact. Importantly, cross-discipline integration between design and construction dramatically decreased the time needed for cost estimating, planning and scheduling. It also facilitated reductions in consultant billings for specific civil, structural, and MEP design services.

Through a case study approach, this paper validates the use of Building Information Modeling as an integrated format for construction education. It demonstrates the advantage which a comprehensive interface can provide to an engineering student; one which depicts the integration between design and construction services. In such an environment, students are able to simultaneously comprehend both how the building is designed, and how it will be constructed. While additional research regarding the use of BIM’s is underway by the authors, the findings contained herein point towards a larger role for its use in future projects and education.

Introduction

For centuries, the roles of architect and constructor were intertwined as ‘master builder’. The knowledge of building materials and methods was implicit in the process of design. Indeed, innovations in buildings stemmed as much from creating new means of construction as they did from new building forms. Invariably, this tradition continued until the renaissance when the use of perspective representation and orthographic drawing was introduced. With these new forms of communicating information about buildings, the processes of building became increasingly legalistic, codified, complex and adversarial. In fact, today’s standard AIA contracts state that “the architect will not be responsible for construction means, methods, techniques or procedures.”1 Fortunately, the introduction of Building Information Modeling (BIM) holds promise for ending the disassociation between constructing and designing, thereby paving the way for an increase in building innovations and the potential return of the ‘master builder’ role.

Software that allows for the three dimensional (3D) construction of a virtual building (i.e., BIM) will increasingly impact project delivery and the resulting interaction between architects,

Mulva, S., & Tisdel, R. (2007, June), Building Information Modeling: A New Frontier For Construction Engineering Education Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. 10.18260/1-2--3000

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2007 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015