June 15, 2019
June 15, 2019
June 19, 2019
Afghanistan has some of the most complex and diverse geology in the world. The oldest rocks are of Archean age, which are succeeded by rocks from the Proterozoic and every Phanerozoic system up to the present day. The country also has a long and complicated tectonic history, partly related to its position at the western end of the Himalayas. The above diverse geological foundation has resulted in significant mineral resources with over 1,400 mineral deposits and occurrences recorded to date. The issue of the rich mineral-resource base in Afghanistan in recent years has become a point of vigorous discussion and debate in geologic and political circles. Known or suspected for over a century and a half, major discoveries were confirmed in the major mapping program conducted by the many Soviet geologists in the 1960s and 1970s. Following decades of war and instabilities and the establishment of the new government with the assistance from the international community in 2001, the natural resource story of Afghanistan has been paramount. World-class ore deposits of copper, iron, and rare earths, a sufficiency of oil, gas, coal, precious stones, and a number of other industrial minerals have drawn the world’s attention. Capacity building of engineering institutions, particularly in subject disciplines related to geology and natural resources is a major challenge for the present government in Afghanistan to tackle. It is crucial to prioritize and plan the growth of higher education specifically in engineering, and technology, which will have a major positive impact on the standard of living in Afghanistan. The aim of this paper is to briefly review the progress of educational development in geology and minerals in Afghanistan during the last two decades. The main challenges of curriculum development and capacity-building of the Afghan universities will be highlighted in this paper. Possible practical recommendations will be made to address the challenges which can improve the quality of such education in the country and subsequently can lead the Afghan people towards a better, more self-sufficient future.
Baha, B., & Waizy, H. (2019, June), Capacity Building of Afghan Universities in Geology and Minerals Education Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--32495
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