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Challenges and Potential of Teaching Engineering Students in Developing Countries Using New Trends and Methodologies

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2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Seattle, Washington

Publication Date

June 14, 2015

Start Date

June 14, 2015

End Date

June 17, 2015





Conference Session

International Division Technical Session 4

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Page Count


Page Numbers

26.337.1 - 26.337.13



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Paper Authors


Adeel Khalid Southern Polytechnic College of Engineering & Engineering Technology

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Adeel Khalid, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Systems Engineering
Office: 678-915-7241

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Salahuddin Qazi State University of New York, Institute of Tech.

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Sala Qazi holds a Ph.D., degree in electrical engineering and is a
Professor Emeritus at the State University of New York Institute of
Technology (SUNYIT), Utica, New York. Prior to becoming an emeritus, he spent a year completing a project on developing instructional material for an NSF
funded project on “Visualization and Manipulation of Nanoscale Components using Atomic Force Microscopy. During his tenure at SUNYIT, he was chairman of the EET department, coordinator of photonics program and Director of the Master of Science program in advanced technology, which he helped to develop.

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Challenges and Potential of Teaching Engineering Students in Developing Countries Using New Trends and MethodologiesThe purpose of our paper is to review the challenges and potential of educating engineeringstudents using traditional methods of learning in the developing countries. This will becompared to new methods of learning where the objective is not only knowledge acquisitionbut also knowledge creation such as project and problem based learning. The potential impliesthat an effective engineering education process in the developing countries, over a long run,can assure a global supply of well prepared engineering graduates needed to enhance focus oninnovation, entrepreneurship and job creation and fill the shortage of quality engineers.The traditional system of learning in developing countries such as Pakistan is basedpredominately on memorization with very little independent learning through self-study orproblem solving through collaboration or team work. Students rarely challenge the integrity ofinstruction by the instructors leading to the lack of interactive relations vital to creativity andinnovation. The curriculum is highly structured and there is little room for students to takeliberal arts or interdisciplinary courses to broaden their education. Not enough emphasis isplaced on communications, ethics and accreditation which are important to have in a programcompeting in a global market. There is lack of resources for upgrading laboratories, shortage oftrained teachers to teach effectively and make the course curriculum relevant to the need of thecountry. Student learning is often compounded with new developments in electronic mediawhich are leading to enormous challenges for teachers with regards to the role digital devicescan and should play in the learning process. Despite these challenges, the engineeringinstitutions in Pakistan are attracting an increasing number of highly competent applicants for alimited number of seats.In this paper, the authors discuss various challenges in educating engineering studentsaccustomed to traditional methods of memorization in the structured engineering curriculumused in some developing countries and identify potential areas of change. The authors willalso give recommendations, based on new trends and methodologies to meet the challenges inPakistani engineering institutions that are currently seeing tremendous increase in studentenrollment.

Khalid, A., & Qazi, S. (2015, June), Challenges and Potential of Teaching Engineering Students in Developing Countries Using New Trends and Methodologies Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.23676

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