Asee peer logo

Classical Analysis Techniques Set The Stage For Mastery Of Computer Analysis Methods

Download Paper |

Conference

2004 Annual Conference

Location

Salt Lake City, Utah

Publication Date

June 20, 2004

Start Date

June 20, 2004

End Date

June 23, 2004

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Are Classical Solutions Outdated?

Page Count

18

Page Numbers

9.309.1 - 9.309.18

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/13914

Download Count

219

Request a correction

Paper Authors

author page

Jammie Hoskin

author page

Brad Wambeke

author page

Ronald Welch

Download Paper |

Abstract
NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Session 3515

Classical Analysis Techniques Set the Stage for Mastery of Computer Analysis Techniques

MAJ Brad Wambeke MAJ Jammie Hoskin COL Ronald W. Welch United States Military Academy

Abstract

This paper describes the successful use of classical analysis techniques by the ABET- accredited CE program at the U.S. Military Academy to assist students in unlocking the mysteries embedded in commercial structural analysis programs that are based on the Direct Stiffness Method. We believe that students must understand the basic assumptions inherent in the classical methods that subtly choreograph structural behavior before they can confidently and competently perform black box structural analyses. We find that students understand these assumptions best when they have an opportunity to work through each of the classical methods prior to attacking the Direct Stiffness Method by hand—aided by appropriate software to perform computations and matrix manipulations, and then by comparing the classical analysis results to commercially available structural analysis programs.

In our first Structural Analysis course at the U.S. Military Academy, students explore structural analysis through the use of both classical (Virtual Work, Slope Deflection, and Moment Distribution) and commercially available structural analysis programs. Each classical method highlights key basics of structural behavior and sets the stage for developing connectivity between the classical hand methods and today’s computer techniques. In our Advanced Structural Analysis course, students learn and apply the Direct Stiffness Method in three different blocks of instruction—Trusses, Beams, and Frames. In each block, we develop the direct stiffness formulation of the appropriate structural element, many times using a classical analysis technique to complete the structural element development, and then we have the students work through one or more problems involving the analysis of a relatively simple structure. In every case, the students analyze the same structure using classical and computer-based applications. The classical methods set the stage for walking through the Direct Stiffness Method inherent in most commercial analysis packages through the use of Excel spreadsheet software to perform matrix manipulations and MathCAD computational software to perform mathematical computations required as part of the Direct Stiffness Method. The results from the classical methods, manual direct stiffness analysis and commercial applications are compared to more fully provide connectivity between the techniques and inherent assumptions.

This paper describes the courses and the use of the classical methods to provide insight into the computer-based black box analysis packages. It also provides an example of a typical student homework problem as well as student assessment data demonstrating the

“Proceedings of the 2004 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference& Exposition Copyright © 2004, American Society for Engineering Education”

Hoskin, J., & Wambeke, B., & Welch, R. (2004, June), Classical Analysis Techniques Set The Stage For Mastery Of Computer Analysis Methods Paper presented at 2004 Annual Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah. https://peer.asee.org/13914

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2004 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015