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College and Industry Partnerships: The Samé, Tanzania Polytechnic, and Weld Quality

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2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


San Antonio, Texas

Publication Date

June 10, 2012

Start Date

June 10, 2012

End Date

June 13, 2012



Conference Session

Innovative College-Industry Partnerships for the Future

Tagged Division

College Industry Partnerships

Page Count


Page Numbers

25.323.1 - 25.323.9



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Paper Authors


Craig Baltimore California Polytechnic State University

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Craig Baltimore is an Associate Professor in the Department of Architectural Engineering at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, and he is a licensed California Structural Engineer. His areas of expertise are in sustainable knowledge transfer, masonry, earthquake engineering, sustainable practices, and curtain wall design. In addition, he has interest in bringing concentrated solar power to urban areas through heliostat and solar tower power technology. He is actively involved with the Masonry Society and the Architecture Engineering Institute. Current efforts in sustainable knowledge transfer are focused in the planning, design, and construction of a Polytechnic school in rural East Africa (Samé, Tanzania). The project is a collaboration of the people of Samé (Headed by the Catholic Diocese), Cal Poly – SLO (headed by Baltimore), NGO (the Mbesese Initiative), and industry (Arup – Los Angeles).

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Allen C. Estes California Polytechnic State University

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Allen C. Estes is a professor and Head for the Architectural Engineering Department at California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo. Until Jan. 2007, Estes was the Director of the Civil Engineering program at the U.S. Military Academy (USMA). He is a registered Professional Engineer in Virginia. Estes received a B.S. degree from USMA in1978, M.S. degrees in structural engineering and in construction management from Stanford University in 1987 and a Ph.D. degree in civil engineering from the University of Colorado, Boulder, in 1997.

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[Type text] College and Industry Partnerships: The Samé, Tanzania Polytechnic and Weld QualityAbstractThis paper addresses the symbiotic relationship of College Industry Partnerships in GlobalExperience and how student research benefits all parties involved. The symbiotic partnership isbetween the University, a Non-Governmental Organization, and an International Multi-Disciplinary Engineering and Design Firm. The partnership is in its fifth year. The current focus(project) of the partnership is on the planning, design, and construction of polytechnic school forthe people in rural area of Samé, Tanzania. The specific student research is of the topic of WeldQuality in Rural East Africa. The student research was conducted as a senior project.An introduction and short background of the partnership and project will be given in addition tothe research of investigating weld quality representative of the rural area in East Africa.In the rural area of East Africa, the ability to provide shop and field welding exists. However theskill level varies widely and quality control is essentially non-existent. Thus, the use of welddesign practices in the United States would not accurately represent the as-built conditions inrural East Africa. In order to better represent the as-built condition of welding, research wasconducted to identify an appropriate factor of safety and a level of weld quality. The researchattempted to reproduce the existing skill level and quality of conditions of welding and then testthe welding under laboratory conditions for strength. Special attention was given visualobservation and inspection of the welds.It is important to note that the goal of the partnership is “knowledge transfer”. This means tobring knowledge to a people on their terms and with their resources. Thus allowing the people toincorporate the knowledge within their culture. History has taught that giving knowledge toothers on our terms (imposing) does not facilitate a sustainable growth or empowerment of thepeople.The skill level of welding was reproduced by using students who had no welding experience andthey were taught how weld. Control welds were made by professional welders. The specimenswere left out in the elements weather prior to welding (typical of existing practices based onactual observation on visits to Africa). Thirteen specimens were welded and tested.Results indicated that ultimate values should be reduced by 50% and then factors of safetyapplied. Also, visual inspection can have a benefit when compared to the absence of qualitycontrol.

Baltimore, C., & Estes, A. C. (2012, June), College and Industry Partnerships: The Samé, Tanzania Polytechnic, and Weld Quality Paper presented at 2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, San Antonio, Texas. 10.18260/1-2--21081

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