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Contribution Of Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Concepts To Engineering Design

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Conference

2007 Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Honolulu, Hawaii

Publication Date

June 24, 2007

Start Date

June 24, 2007

End Date

June 27, 2007

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

EMD Program Design

Tagged Division

Engineering Management

Page Count

11

Page Numbers

12.404.1 - 12.404.11

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/1906

Download Count

37

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Paper Authors

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Yesim Sireli University of North Carolina-Charlotte

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Yesim Sireli is currently an assistant professor at the Engineering Management Program at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. She earned her Ph.D. degree at the Department of Engineering Management & Systems Engineering at Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia. She holds M.S. and B.S. degrees in electrical engineering, and has worked as an R&D engineer and a product development engineer. Her research interests include customer-oriented product innovation, design and development, decision analysis, business forecasting, and global product development. Dr. Sireli is a member of the ASEE, IEEE Engineering Management Society, Decision Sciences Institute, ASEM, Marketing Science Institute and the Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi.

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James Conrad University of North Carolina-Charlotte

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Martin Kane University of North Carolina-Charlotte

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Martin Kane earned his Ph.D. degree in Civil Engineering from Michigan State University (East Lansing, Michigan) in 1995. He also earned his BS in Civil Engineering (1990) and MS in Civil Engineering (1991) from the College of Engineering at MSU. Dr. Kane is currently an associate professor and Undergraduate Director in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. His research interests include Highway Operations, Transportation and Urban Planning, Human Factors in Transportation, Public Transportation, Traffic Engineering, and Aviation infrastructure. Dr. Kane is an Eno Fellow, and is a member of ASEE, ASCE, ITE, Sigma Xi, and Chi Epsilon.

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Frank Skinner University of North Carolina-Charlotte

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Frank Skinner is currently the director of Industrial Solutions at the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Science at University of North Carolina – Charlotte. His industry positions include president of Robo-Tech Systems, Inc., senior market development engineer at GE and manager of engineering at Advanced Products Corp.

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Abstract
NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Contribution of Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Concepts to Engineering Design

1. Introduction

Engineering design is widely taught at colleges and implemented in industry as a stand-alone activity, rather than a part of the entire business system of a company. Product development consists of activities related to understanding customer requirements, collaboration with other functional areas in an organization such as marketing, sales and industrial design, as well as production design and manufacturing. As a part of this process, engineering design should reflect the results of a multifunctional team’s work based on customer-focus, multidisciplinary design optimization, reduced cycle time, and ease of manufacturability. If planned and executed well, this design approach would serve businesses’ expectations for high quality, low cost, and competitive products. As a result, today’s engineers need necessary probabilistic decision- making and management skills to effectively work in a multidisciplinary project team, and to create designs based on the requirements of this larger system.

However, the typical engineering design curriculum does not include adequate discussion on probabilistic decision support and project management techniques. In addition, literature does not contain sufficient resources that are relatable by engineers from different disciplines and they also do not include adequate and/or useful examples for engineers from diverse backgrounds. This study suggests that new multidisciplinary educational material is needed, covering various stages of engineering design from a systems point of view. It starts with a summary of engineering design issues in industry and in higher education. After that, it proposes new educational material for engineering design to be incorporated into engineering curriculum. Finally, it discusses University of North Carolina at Charlotte’s ongoing work in this context.

2. Engineering Design Issues in Industry

Engineering design is a vital element of a company’s business activities. It significantly affects a firm’s product quality, its ability to satisfy customer needs, its competitiveness, and ultimately its profits. However, in spite of its status, in many cases the design process falls short of meeting business expectations. Major issues related to engineering design in industrial projects are summarized below, based on a variety of research available in literature.

Systems perspective: Engineering design is a part of the product development process and therefore a firm’s entire business practice. However, it is often not planned and/or executed as an integrated sub-process of this larger system. For example, if the costs of the product design processes are not tied to the total cost of product development and manufacturing properly, the final product cost might be much higher than originally expected. This suggests that a systems point of view should be integrated into design activities, so that the outcome of the design process can serve the other business goals such as high profits and good company reputation1. Lack of systems perspective in design in general contributes to the inter-related issues identified below.

Sireli, Y., & Conrad, J., & Kane, M., & Skinner, F. (2007, June), Contribution Of Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Concepts To Engineering Design Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. https://peer.asee.org/1906

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