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Conversion of a Gasoline Internal Combustion Engine to a Hydrogen Engine

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Conference

2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

San Antonio, Texas

Publication Date

June 10, 2012

Start Date

June 10, 2012

End Date

June 13, 2012

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Thermodynamics, Fluids, and Heat Transfer

Tagged Division

Mechanical Engineering

Page Count

18

Page Numbers

25.346.1 - 25.346.18

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/21104

Download Count

75

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Paper Authors

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Govind Puttaiah P.E. West Virginia University

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Govind Puttaiah is the Chair and a professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at West Virginia University Institute of Technology. He has been involved in teaching mechanical engineering subjects during the past forty years. His research interests are in industrial hydraulics and alternate fuels. He is an invited member of the West Virginia Hydrogen Working Group, which is tasked to promote hydrogen as an alternate fuel.

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biography

Timothy A. Drennen

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Timothy A. Drennen has a B.S. in mechanical engineering from WVU Institute of Technology and started with EI DuPont de Nemours and Co. in 2010.

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Samuel C. Brunetti

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Samuel C. Brunetti has a B.S. in mechanical engineering from WVU Institute of Technology and started with EI DuPont de Nemours and Co. in 2011.

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Christopher M. Traylor

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Conversion of a Gasoline Engine to a Hydrogen Engine An inexpensive hydrogen injection system was designed, constructed and tested in theMechanical Engineering laboratory. It was used to supply hydrogen to a gasoline engine to runthe engine in varying proportions of hydrogen and gasoline. A factory-built injection and controlsystem, based on the injection technology from the racing industry, was used to inject gaseoushydrogen into a gasoline engine to boost the efficiency and reduce the amount of pollutants inthe exhaust. A fully programmable NOS Launcher Progressive Nitrous Controller was used withthe ability to control injection of a fuel based on engine performance parameters such as RPMand manifold air pressure. The system was first tried successfully on a 2-cylinder Briggs &Stratton gasoline engine. It was then modified to fit on a 6-cylinder TOYOTA gasoline enginemounted on a computer-linked test stand. The test stand is equipped with sensors andmeasurement systems that can be programmed to measure and record the parameters in theperformance analysis of an IC engine, including: power, rpm, torque, air-fuel ratio, temperatures,thermal efficiency, pressures etc. The computerized test stand can be used to compare theperformance of the engine with gasoline and hydrogen in any pre-selected proportions of the twofuels (0% to 100%). Both these engines are still operational and are being used for studentexperiments in the Mechanical Engineering department. The project demonstrates an economical(approximate cost: $1000) hydrogen injection system that could be built from readily-available,off-the-shelf components for a gasoline engine equipped with an on-board computer (ECU)designed to control combustion.

Puttaiah, G., & Drennen, T. A., & Brunetti, S. C., & Traylor, C. M. (2012, June), Conversion of a Gasoline Internal Combustion Engine to a Hydrogen Engine Paper presented at 2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, San Antonio, Texas. https://peer.asee.org/21104

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