June 15, 2019
June 15, 2019
June 19, 2019
According to A.B. Steyn, engineering education cannot be solely based on memorization and technical calculation. It is imperative that the engineering students develop critical thinking skills for better understanding and reasoning of problems they may face professionally in the future. Critical thinking is the process of conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information obtained by observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication (Jessop, 2002). The introduction of this paper covers the necessary framework for engineering critical thinking including intellectual traits necessary for understanding the subject and stages of the critical thinking development, along with a literature review on its applications in engineering education. Multiple cases are used in presentation of analyzing engineering design including ego-centric and user-centric design examples, analyzing engineering documents including engineering research work, and ethics.
This paper focuses on applications of critical thinking in manufacturing engineering education at the author’s institution. A series of undergraduate courses including Rapid Prototyping and Reverse Engineering, Safety and Methods Engineering, and Integrated Engineering Design (the capstone course) along with a masters level course in Engineering Management Cases are studied using critical thinking concepts and associated tools. Role of engineering decision making in engineers’ careers is another focal point of this paper including human error as demonstrated by Safety and Methods and Engineering Management Cases courses. Evaluation of student work in some of these courses is also presented.
The paper is concluded with a design proposal of a senior level elective on critical thinking in manufacturing engineering.
Sirinterlikci, A., & Mativo, J. M. (2019, June), Critical Thinking in Manufacturing Engineering Education Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--32569
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2019 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015