Virtual On line
June 22, 2020
June 22, 2020
June 26, 2021
Instruments and Methods for Studying Student Experiences and Outcomes
Educational Research and Methods
Through the course of their education, engineering students adopt learning strategies which are specific to the engineering discipline. While literature talks about understanding learning strategies through instruments such as the LASSI or the MSLQ these existing instruments do not adequately capture the whole range of learning strategies employed by engineering students. In this manuscript, we describe the steps in the development of a survey instrument to measure engineering students’ learning strategies. The aim of this exploratory research study is to develop and gather validity evidence for a survey instrument that can be used to measure engineering students’ learning strategies. As elaborated earlier, such an instrument is important because it will allow educators to facilitate enhanced conceptual understanding among students in the engineering classrooms.
Primarily, through this research paper, we answer the following research questions: 1. What factors emerge from an Exploratory Factor Analysis used to develop the ESLS survey? 2. What are the validity and reliability measures of the ESLS instrument based on the pilot implementation of the survey? 3. For a pilot implementation of the survey instrument, how do students compare on learning strategy use by gender and grade expectancy?
The development of ESLS was informed by the results of a qualitative study on the learning strategies employed by engineering students in engineering science courses. Once the preliminary structure was developed, we assessed the psychometric properties of the new instrument, and the factor structure of the preliminary version. Exploratory Factor Analysis revealed a 6-dimension model focusing on: (1) Working The Problems, (2) Associations with the Real World, (3) Seeking Help to Improve Conceptual Understanding, (4) Planning, (5) Utilizing Resources, and (6) Interactions. This study suggests that the instrument developed is of high reliability and validity and can serve as a tool for instructors and educators to assess learning strategies of the students in engineering classrooms. Consequently, information on what students provided by this instrument can help with informed decision-making regarding interventions towards encouraging students to adopt better study habits.
Bhaduri, S., & Soledad, M., & Matusovich, H. M. (2020, June), Developing the ESLS - Engineering Students Learning Strategies Instrument Paper presented at 2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual On line . 10.18260/1-2--34436
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