Albuquerque, New Mexico
June 24, 2001
June 24, 2001
June 27, 2001
6.373.1 - 6.373.13
Development of a Physical-Chemical and Enzymatic Methods for the Removal of Phenolic Pollutant: Application of Chitosan and Laccase.
Gbekeloluwa Oguntimein1, Victoria Aladejana1, Gregory Payne2
1 Morgan State University, Baltimore / 2Centre for Agricultural Biotechnology, University of Maryland, College Park.
This paper reports the result of an undergraduate student involvement in research in an Historically Black College and University (HBCU) in a Science Engineering and Mathematics (SEM) Summer Research Training program sponsored by the national Science Foundation and the Office of Naval Research (ONR). The student had an opportunity of working with scientists in two Universities collaborating on an environmental engineering project. Water pollution has been a growing problem for all nations as a result of industrialization. Most of the industrial pollutants are toxic and have been classified as hazardous and carcinogenic. Typical examples generated from dyes used in the textile industry and found in wastewater are phenolic compounds. The development of economically treatment processes to remove these substances has been of research interest worldwide. A physical-chemical method using chitosan and a biochemical method using laccase for the potential removal of phenolic compounds from an aqueous medium was investigated. The dual state behavior of chitosan in acidic and basic medium was taken advantage of in the physical-chemical method. At pH 4, azo dye reacted with chitosan and on increasing the pH to 8, chitosan was precipitated removing the dye from solution. In the biochemical method, at pH 4, laccase degraded the dye. The Michealis Menten constant (Km) and the maximum velocity (Vm) for this reaction at room temperature were 8.5 X 10-2g/L and 150 g/L.min respectively.
National concern have been expressed about the status of the U. S. science and engineering base-specifically the human talent, knowledge and infrastructure that generate innovations and undergird technological advances to achieve national objectives. Analyses have shown that there may be a significant shortage in the entry level science and engineering labor pool, and that scientific and technical fields could be significantly affected. Demographic data show a future with proportionately fewer young people and a work force comprised of growing numbers of minorities and the economically disadvantaged. These groups, which the economy must increasingly rely, have been historically underrepresented in science, engineering and
“Proceedings of the 2001 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition Copyright2001, American Society for Engineering Education”
Aladejana, V., & Payne, G., & Oguntimein, G. (2001, June), Development Of A Physical Chemical And Enzymatic Methods For The Removal Of Phenolic Pollutant: Application Of Chitosan And Laccase. Paper presented at 2001 Annual Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico. https://peer.asee.org/9125
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