June 26, 2011
June 26, 2011
June 29, 2011
22.481.1 - 22.481.15
Development of a Small UAV with Real‐time Video Surveillance This paper discusses a capstone project whose objective was to design, build and successfully test an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with real‐time video surveillance capabilities. The team also had to adapt a “shareware” autopilot software for use in the project and design and build a launching system. The student team was composed of seven students within an aeronautical concentration of their program. The paper briefly describes the analysis, design, fabrication and flight testing of the UAV, autopilot and video system. The students designed a UAV capable of flying under direct manual control and indirect automatic control. Direct manual control was accomplished via a model radio‐control transmitter while indirect control accomplished via the onboard autopilot system. Programmable autonomous flight software, utilizing GPS, controls the autopilot system. The aircraft, powered by an electric motor, was constructed from a combination of expanded polypropylene foam, carbon fiber, and balsa wood. A ground control station (GCS), consisting of a laptop computer and a 2.4GHz receiver, sends and receives telemetry from a 2.4GHz modem located in the UAV. The GCS utilized Paparazzi, an open‐source hardware and software autopilot platform, which allows mission specific flight plans to be created, uploaded, and executed and monitored during the UAV’s flight. Real‐time video surveillance is accomplished via a color CCD video camera mounted in a movable turret, allowing the camera to survey sixty degrees left or right from its center position of the UAV. Real‐time video from the UAV is transmitted to the GCS via a receiver antenna and receiver. The receiver is connected to a USB video capture device connected to a designated video processing laptop. This comprehensive design and build project, concluding with successful test flights, enhanced the student learning and performance during the course of the project. Assessment data gathered by the project faculty mentor will be provided in the paper.
Nam, C., & Danielson, S. (2011, June), Development of a Small UAV with Real-Time Video Surveillance Paper presented at 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC. https://peer.asee.org/17762
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