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Development Of An Artificial Organ Design Course

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Conference

2006 Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Chicago, Illinois

Publication Date

June 18, 2006

Start Date

June 18, 2006

End Date

June 21, 2006

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Novel BME Courses and Course Adaptations

Tagged Division

Biomedical

Page Count

13

Page Numbers

11.464.1 - 11.464.13

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/62

Download Count

533

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Paper Authors

biography

Conrad Zapanta Pennsylvania State University

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Conrad M. Zapanta is an Assistant Professor of Surgery and Bioengineering at The Pennsylvania State University in Hershey, PA. Dr. Zapanta received his Ph.D. in Bioengineering from the Pennsylvania State University in University Park, PA, and his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering (with an option in Biomedical Engineering) from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, PA. Dr. Zapanta has served as a Visiting Assistant Professor of Engineering at Hope College in Holland, MI, and an Adjunct Professor of Engineering at Austin Community College in Austin, TX. He also worked for CarboMedics Inc. in Austin, TX, in the research and development of prosthetic heart valves. Dr. Zapanta’s research interests include circulatory support devices, prosthetic heart valves, cardiovascular fluid dynamics, and medical device design and education.

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biography

Keefe Manning Pennsylvania State University

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Keefe B. Manning is an Assistant Professor of Bioengineering at The Pennsylvania State University in University Park, PA. Dr. Manning received his Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering at the Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, VA and his M.S. and B.S. in Biomedical Engineering at Texas A&M University in College Station, TX. He was a post doctoral scholar in Bioengineering at The Pennsylvania State University. Currently, he is a board member for the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs. His research interests include cardiovascular fluid dynamics, cardiovascular prosthetics (artificial hearts, ventricular assist devices, mechanical heart valves), and hemorheology.

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Abstract
NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Development of an Artificial Organ Design Course

Abstract

Over the last 50 years, artificial organs have had a significant impact on the types and quality of medical care available today. In order to address this important field, the Department of Bioengineering at the Pennsylvania State University offers a course entitled “Artificial Organ Design.” This senior and graduate level course emphasizes the following objectives:

1. Understanding engineering design and problem solving techniques with special emphasis placed on the Food and Drug Administration’s design control process for medical devices.

2. Familiarity with various engineering issues surrounding the design of artificial organs including biomaterials and biocompatibility, design principles for tissue and blood contact, power systems for implanted systems, and control of artificial organs.

3. Understanding the regulatory approval process for artificial organs including codes and regulations, reliability, and device testing.

4. Application of this knowledge to the design of artificial organs including circulatory support devices, drug delivery systems, artificial lungs and oxygenators, artificial kidney, pacemakers, neural prostheses, prosthetic heart valves, orthopedic implants, bioartificial organs (tissue engineering), and cardiopulmonary bypass. These lectures demonstrate how the techniques and knowledge presented in the first part of the class are applied to the design of artificial organs. The students then complete a final design project for an artificial organ of their own choosing.

1. Introduction

Artificial organs have a significant impact on the types and quality of medical care available today. Artificial organs treat over 4.8 million patients a year in the United States and have improved the quality of life of over 24.4 million people.1 In order to expose students to this important field, the Department of Bioengineering at the Pennsylvania State University offers a course entitled “Artificial Organs Design.”

The Department of Bioengineering at the Pennsylvania State University has its roots in the artificial heart program. This program began as a collaborative effort in 1970 between faculty members of the Colleges of Engineering and Medicine. This initial effort resulted in a pneumatic ventricular assist device that was first implanted in 1976 and was later purchased by Thoratec® Corporation (Pleasanton, CA).2 Over 2,850 implants of this device have occurred worldwide, with the longest duration of 566 days.3 Later collaborative efforts have produced a totally implantable electric left ventricular assist device4 and an electric total artificial heart.5 A

Zapanta, C., & Manning, K. (2006, June), Development Of An Artificial Organ Design Course Paper presented at 2006 Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. https://peer.asee.org/62

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2006 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015