June 24, 2017
June 24, 2017
June 28, 2017
The increasing complexity of the workplace that engineering students find upon graduation suggests that they must be not only technical problem solvers but also innovators and value creators where the designs they create both solve technical problems and provide benefit to a variety of interested stakeholders. Students must also adopt a broad view of value and benefit that includes financial, social, and environmental. The challenge for engineering educators becomes how to develop and teach a design process that educates students in this broader mindset and skillset of problem solving plus value creation.
Recent work has proposed a systems-based approach for design and this approach has found application in engineering education from first year to capstone design courses. This approach develops a number of ‘views’ of the system to be designed including stakeholders, features, interactions, and functional views. These views provide the multiple perspectives of the system to be designed that are necessary to describe the structure, functionality, and behavior of the system. This previous work has been presented at INCOSE and will be briefly described in the paper.
The systems modeling approach identifies features as the primary components of value provided by the designed system. This paper develops a clearer connection between features, stakeholders, and value provided with two new modeling views developed and discussed. The first new view identifies all relevant stakeholders in the value chain and indicates desirable features for each stakeholder group with degree of value placed on each one. The second view provides a structure to compare candidate designs through their level of attainment of the key features identified.
These new views will be compared against existing design approaches to illustrate the benefits that they offer which include a more comprehensive approach for identifying multiple stakeholders and their needs and the ability to focus student attention on multiple perspectives of ‘creating value’ including financial, social, and environmental.
These two new views are illustrated through a design case study for a remote control device.
Kline, W. A., & Schindel, W. D., & Bernal, A., & Simoni, M. (2017, June), Development of Enhanced Value, Feature, and Stakeholder Views for a Model-Based Design Approach Paper presented at 2017 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Columbus, Ohio. https://peer.asee.org/28171
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