June 14, 2015
June 14, 2015
June 17, 2015
Entrepreneurship & Engineering Innovation
26.535.1 - 26.535.21
Development of Entrepreneurial Attitudes Assessment Instrument for Freshman StudentsAn increasing population of university programs and quantity of curricular content focused onentrepreneurship poses both enormous opportunities for student growth, and numerous practicalchallenges. Prior work has largely focused on pre-post assessment of student learning, shifts in‘mindset’, activity effectiveness, mapping of student outcomes, and implications of studentlearning on career success. A baseline of freshman student attitudes towards entrepreneurship,outside of specifically focused entrepreneurial leaning, has significant potential to identify andinform programming in entrepreneurship, as well as general curriculums and pedagogy. Animproved understanding of student’s constructive and cognitive influences in entrepreneurialeducation will serve to better inform the way entrepreneurship education in engineering ishistorically and currently discussed. Improving entrepreneurship education models begins withunderstanding student backgrounds comprised of different experiences, knowledge, andpreconceptions. When looking longitudinally, migratory information can better informentrepreneurial programming to provide data and support for more organized and integratedapproaches to entrepreneurship education.This work in progress provides initial results and validation on the quantitative instrumentportion of a mixed methods study developed for assessing and tracking entrepreneurialbehaviors, experiences, and attitudes in a way identifiable to engineering and business freshman.The instrument is modified from the Entrepreneurial Attitude Orientation (EAO) surveyinstrument developed by Robbins in the early 1990s. Additionally, a section for gatheringstudent socioeconomic status and gender, using elements of the Academic Pathways of PeopleLearning Engineering Survey (APPLES) is included. Based on the difficulties inoperationalization of student socioeconomic status self-identification, normalizing question areadded as suggested by Donaldson and Sheppard from results in the APPLES instrumentdevelopment process.The quantitative portion, discussed here, survey will be deployed during winter of 2015, tobusiness and engineering freshman at a large Midwestern university. The initial deployment willallow validation against prior uses of the EAO instrument. Results will be presented in the paperand conference presentation comparing gender and socioeconomic correlations to entrepreneurialattitudes with previous publications. The survey instrument is being developed as thequantitative element of a mixed method longitudinal study tracking student entrepreneurialattitudes, focus, and growth over student college experiences. Follow-on efforts are intended tohelp better inform educators about the nature of student construction and growth in an universityspace increasingly influenced by a move towards entrepreneurship education.
Fernandez, T. M., & Coutinho, G. S., & Wilson, M. D., & Hoffmann, S. R. (2015, June), Development of Entrepreneurial Attitudes Assessment Instrument for Freshman Students Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.23874
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