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Development of Virtual Environment to Introduce Spatial Reasoning to First- and Second-year Engineering Students

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Conference

2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Salt Lake City, Utah

Publication Date

June 23, 2018

Start Date

June 23, 2018

End Date

July 27, 2018

Conference Session

Technological and Engineering Literacy/Philosophy of Engineering Division Technical Session 3

Tagged Division

Technological and Engineering Literacy/Philosophy of Engineering

Page Count

13

DOI

10.18260/1-2--30332

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/30332

Download Count

115

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Paper Authors

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Ulan Dakeev Texas A&M University, Kingsville

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Dr. Ulan Dakeev is an Assistant Professor in Industrial Technology Department in the College of Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville. His areas of research include Virtual and Augmented Reality, renewable energy (wind energy), quality in higher education, motivation, and engagement of students.

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Reg Recayi Pecen Sam Houston State University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0002-7145-0282

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Dr. Reg Pecen is currently a Quanta Endowed Professor of the Department of Engineering Technology at Sam Houston State University in Huntsville, Texas. Dr. Pecen was formerly a professor and program chairs of Electrical Engineering Technology and Graduate (MS and Doctoral) Programs in the Department of Technology at the University of Northern Iowa (UNI). Dr. Pecen served as 2nd President and Professor at North American University in Houston, TX from July 2012 through December 2016. He also served as a Chair of Energy Conservation and Conversion Division at American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE). Dr. Pecen holds a B.S in EE and an M.S. in Controls and Computer Engineering from the Istanbul Technical University, an M.S. in EE from the University of Colorado at Boulder, and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Wyoming (UW, 1997). He served as a graduate assistant and faculty at UW, and South Dakota State University. He served on UNI Energy and Environment Council, College Diversity Committee, University Diversity Advisory Board, and Graduate College Diversity Task Force Committees. His research interests, grants, and more than 50 publications are in the areas of AC/DC Power System Interactions, distributed energy systems, power quality, and grid-connected renewable energy applications including solar and wind power systems. He is a senior member of IEEE, member of ASEE, Tau Beta Pi National Engineering Honor Society, and ATMAE. Dr. Pecen was recognized as an Honored Teacher/Researcher in “Who’s Who among America’s Teachers” in 2004-2009. Dr. Pecen is a recipient of 2010 Diversity Matters Award at the University of Northern Iowa for his efforts on promoting diversity and international education at UNI. He is also a recipient of 2011 UNI C.A.R.E Sustainability Award for the recognition of applied research and development of renewable energy applications at UNI and Iowa in general. Dr. Pecen established solar electric boat R & D center at UNI where dozens of students were given opportunities to design solar powered boats. UNI solar electric boat team with Dr. Pecen’s supervision won two times a third place overall in World Championship on solar electric boating, an international competition promoting clean transportation technologies in US waters. He was recognized as an Advisor of the Year Award nominee among 8 other UNI faculty members in 2010-2011 academic year Leadership Award Ceremony. Dr. Pecen received a Milestone Award for outstanding mentoring of graduate students at UNI, and recognition from UNI Graduate College for acknowledging the milestone that has been achieved in successfully chairing ten or more graduate student culminating projects, theses, or dissertations, in 2011 and 2005.

He was also nominated for 2004 UNI Book and Supply Outstanding Teaching Award, March 2004, and nominated for 2006, and 2007 Russ Nielson Service Awards, UNI. Dr. Pecen is an Engineering Technology Editor of American Journal of Undergraduate Research (AJUR). He has been serving as a reviewer on the IEEE Transactions on Electronics Packaging Manufacturing since 2001. Dr. Pecen has served on ASEE Engineering Technology Division (ETD) in Annual ASEE Conferences as a reviewer, session moderator, and co-moderator since 2002. He served as a Chair-Elect on ASEE ECC Division in 2011. He also served as a program chair on ASEE ECCD in 2010. He is also serving on advisory boards of International Sustainable World Project Olympiad (isweep.org) and International Hydrogen Energy Congress. Dr. Pecen received a certificate of appreciation from IEEE Power Electronics Society in recognition of valuable contributions to the Solar Splash as 2011 and 2012 Event Coordinator. Dr. Pecen was formerly a board member of Iowa Alliance for Wind Innovation and Novel Development (www.iawind.org/board.php) and also represented UNI at Iowa Wind Energy Association (IWEA). Dr. Pecen taught Building Operator Certificate (BOC) classes for the Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (MEEA) since 2007 at Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Illinois, Minnesota, and Missouri as well as the SPEER in Texas and Oklahoma to promote energy efficiency in industrial and commercial environments.

Dr. Pecen was recognized by State of Iowa Senate on June 22, 2012 for his excellent service and contribution to state of Iowa for development of clean and renewable energy and promoting diversity and international education since 1998.

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Faruk Yildiz Sam Houston State University

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Faruk Yildiz is currently an Associate Professor of
Engineering Technology at Sam Houston State University.
His primary teaching areas are in Electronics,
Computer Aided Design (CAD), and Alternative Energy Systems. Research interests include: low power energy
harvesting systems, renewable energy technologies
and education.

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Shah Alam P.E. Texas A&M University, Kingsville

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NAME: Shah Alam
POSITION TITLE: Assistant Professor

Ph.D., Louisiana State University, USA, 2005
M.S., South Dakota School of Mines & Technology, USA, 2002
M.S, Bangladesh University of Eng. & Tech, Bangladesh, 1998
B.S., Bangladesh University of Eng. & Tech, Bangladesh, 1993

Registration:
Registered Professional Engineer in Texas (TBPE No. 113655)

EXPERIENCE
Aug. 2016 – Present: Assistant Professor, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Texas A & M University-Kingsville, TX, USA
Dec. 2012 – April 2016: Senior Structural Engineer, Aker Solutions, Houston, USA
Feb. 2007 – Dec.2012: Senior Structural Engineer, American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), Houston, USA
Jan. 2006 – Feb.2007: Research Associate, Mech. Engr., Louisiana State University, USA
Aug. 2002 –Dec.2005: Instructor & Research Assistant, Mechanical Engr., Louisiana State University, USA
Oct. 1997 – Aug.2000: Assistant Professor, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Bangladesh
Nov. 1994 – Oct.1997: Naval Architect, Chittagong Dry Dock Ltd, Bangladesh.

REGISTRATION
Registered Professional Engineer in Texas (TBPE No. 113655)
SELECTED HONORS AND AWARDS
(1) Louisiana State Economic Development Award (2002-2004), Louisiana State University (LSU).
(2) Teaching and Research Fellowship/Assistantships: South Dakota School of Mines & Tech and LSU.
(3) Dissertation Fellowship Award (2005), LSU.
(4) Nominee for Best Research Assistant Award (2004), LSU.
(5) Nominee for Distinguished Dissertation Award (2005), LSU

PUBLICATIONS (Dr. Alam has published over 20 refereed journal papers/conference proceedings.)

List of Selected Peer-Reviewed Publications:

1. M.S. Alam, M.A. Wahab and C.H. Jenkins, “Mechanics in Naturally Compliant Structures,” Journal of Mechanics of Material, 39, pp.145-160, 2007.
2. M.A. Wahab, M.S. Alam, Su-Seng Pang and Jerry Pack, “Stress analysis of non-conventional composite pipes” Journal of Composite Structures, 79(1), 2006, pp. 125-132.
3. M.A. Wahab, M. S. Alam, M.J Painter and P.E. Stafford, “Experimental and Numerical Simulation of Restraining Forces in Gas Metal Arc Welded Joint,” American Welding Journal (Research Supplement) 85(2), February, 2006.
4. M.S. Alam and M.A. Wahab, “Modeling of Fatigue Crack Growth and Propagation Life of Joint of Two Elastic Materials Using Interface Elements,” International Journal of Pressure Vessel and Piping, 82, 2005, pp. 105-113.
5. M.S. Alam and C.H. Jenkins, “Damage Tolerance Design in Naturally Compliant Structures,” International Journal of Damage Mechanics, 14(4), 2005, pp. 365-384.
6. M.S. Alam and M.A. Wahab, “Finite Element Modeling of Fatigue Crack Growth in Curved-Welded Joints Using Interface Elements,” Journal of Structural Integrity & Durability, 1(3), 2005.
7. M.A. Wahab, J.H. Park, M.S. Alam and S. S. Pang, “Effect of Corrosion Prevention Compounds on Fatigue Life in 2024-T3 Aluminum Alloy,” Journal of Material Processing Technology, 174, pp. 211-217, 2006.
8. M. A. Wahab and M.S. Alam, "The Significance of Weld Imperfection and Surface peening on Fatigue Crack Propagation Life of Butt Welded Joints,” Journal of Material Processing Technology, 153-154, 2004, pp.931-937.
9. M.S. Alam and M.S. Baree, "An Estimation of Wave Spectrum by Applying Fast Fourier Transform," Journal-Institution of Engineers, Malaysia, 61(2), June, 2000.
10. M.S. Alam and M.A. Wahab, “A New Technique for Modeling of Fatigue Crack Growth in Welded Tubular Joints and Structures,” Proceeding of the International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Florida, USA, 2005.
11. M.S. Alam and M.A. Wahab, “An Analysis of Fatigue and Micro Characteristics of Weld-Repaired Joints of Al-6061 Plates” International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 2007, Miami, Florida.
12. M.A. Wahab and M.S. Alam, “Finite Element Prediction of Distortion and Residual Stress in Gas Metal Arc Welded Joint,” Proceeding of 11th Annual International Conference on Composites Engineering, 2004.
13. M.S. Alam, M.A. Wahab and C.H. Jenkins, “Reverse Engineering of Naturally Compliant Structures, Computer Modeling in Engineering and Science, in press.
14. M.A. Wahab, M.S. Alam, S.S. Pang, Jerry Alan Peck and R.A. Jones, “Buckling of Polygonal Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composite Tubes,” Proceeding of 14th Annual International Conference on Composites Engineering, Boulder, Colorado, 2006.
15. M.S. Alam, Guoqiang Li and Walid R. Alaywan, “Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Flexural Properties of FRP Composite Sandwich Beam,” Proceeding of 14th Annual International Conference on Composites Engineering, Boulder, Colorado, 2006.
16. M.S. Alam and M. A Wahab, "The Effect of Torsional Interaction of a Circular Porosity and a Solidification Crack on Fatigue Crack Propagation Life of Butt Welded Joints," Proceeding of 10th Annual International Conference on Composites Engineering, New Orleans, 2003.
17. M.S. Alam and M.A. Wahab, "The Significance of Weld Imperfection and Surface peening on Fatigue Crack Propagation Life of Butt Welded Joints,” Proceeding of the International Conference on Advanced in Material and Processing Technology, Dublin, Ireland, 2003, pp.990-993.
18. C.H. Jenkins and M.S. Alam, "Use of Experimental Mechanics in Biomimetic Structural Design," Society of Experimental Mechanics Annual Conference, Milwaukee, WI, 2002.
19. M.S. Alam and M.S Baree, "A Regression Analysis for the Derivation of Wave Spectrum Formula," Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Paper Conference, Institute of Engineers, Bangladesh, 2000.
20. M.S. Alam and M.S Baree, "Prediction of Rolling Motion of a Ship at Hiron Point of the Bay of Bengal," Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Dhaka, Bangladesh, December 1999.

OTHER QUALIFICATIONS/EXPERIENCES
Dr. Alam has six years research and thirteen years industrial experience. He has extensive technical and research intelligence, training and experience in structural mechanics, mechanical system design for oil & gas industries for more than fifteen years. He has proven capacity for employing Finite Element and classical stress analysis techniques in design evaluation of offshore and subsea structures. He has strong background on the design, analysis and evaluation of offshore platforms and subsea structures, equipment as per API, ASME, ABS, DNV and other standards. Dr. Alam has very strong proficiency in finite element analysis (static (linear, nonlinear), dynamic, Impact, Thermal, CFD) using ANSYS and ABAQUS. He did design and analysis of offshore and subsea product for BP, Exxon, Total, Murphy, Statoil, etc. oil companies.

SYNERGISTIC ACTIVITIES
1. Dr. Alam has received 2 research grants from two agencies to support his research prior to join at TAMUK.
2. Dr. Alam applied for several grants to several agencies prior to join at TAMUK: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), Office of Naval Research (ONR), Louisiana Space Consortium (LaSPACE).
3. Dr. Alam has reviewed over 10 papers for six archival journals:
Composites B: Engineering, Engineering Structures, International Journal of Damage Mechanics, Journal of Polymer Composite, Journal of Composite Material, Proceeding of the 2006 ASEE Gulf-Southwest Annual conference
4. He is an active member of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

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Abstract

One of the recent challenges in introductory computer-aided design courses is the ability to visualize a three-dimensional view of the model and to develop orthogonal projections from the isometric view. Although the spatial orientation instructions have existed in the introductory CAD courses for the number of years, the challenge increased for the incoming engineering students, who come with limited prior hands-on activities. Modern era allows the individuals to spend an extensive amount of time on electronic devices, which limits hands-on activities that the students use to develop spatial orientation skills in engineering courses. This project involves the development of the three-dimensional virtual environment for introductory computer-aided design course to improve spatial orientation in 3D modeling. Twenty-five freshman and sophomore students virtually analyzed seven parts in the virtual environment before starting to model. A comparative statistical t-test was conducted to investigate the influence of virtual reality (VR) in three-dimensional modeling before and after the introduction of the VR. A pretest and posttest analysis revealed significant improvement between the pretest and posttest data on this gamification approach of spatial orientation. Introduction of virtual reality tools in the introductory computer aided courses could help first and second year engineering students and their instructors to develop and teach the spatial orientation skills in the 21st century.

Dakeev, U., & Pecen, R. R., & Yildiz, F., & Alam, S. (2018, June), Development of Virtual Environment to Introduce Spatial Reasoning to First- and Second-year Engineering Students Paper presented at 2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Salt Lake City, Utah. 10.18260/1-2--30332

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