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Differentiated Instruction Enhances Pedagogy

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Conference

2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

San Antonio, Texas

Publication Date

June 10, 2012

Start Date

June 10, 2012

End Date

June 13, 2012

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Tricks of the Trade I

Tagged Division

New Engineering Educators

Page Count

12

Page Numbers

25.469.1 - 25.469.12

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/21227

Download Count

25

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Paper Authors

biography

John Marshall University of Southern Maine

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John Marshall received his Ph.D. from Texas A&M University and is the Departmental Internship Coordinator at the University of Southern Maine. His areas of specialization include power and energy processing, applied process control engineering, automation, fluid power, and facility planning.

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biography

William R. Marshall Alief Independent School District

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William Marshall is Director of Instruction, Alief Independent School District. Area responsibilities include instructional technology, information literacy, career and technical education, and distance learning. Work experience includes 32 years of instruction at Alief ISD, 11 years as a small business owner and five years as an Educational Consultant. He holds a master's of science in instructional technology from Texas A&M University and a bachelor's of science in industrial arts education from Trenton State College.

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Abstract

Differentiated Instruction Enhances PedagogyThe participants populating our schools are becoming more diverse. They are coming fromdifferent cultures and have different learning styles. They also have different interests anddifferent levels of maturity. As technical teachers, we frequently teach a blend of theoretical andapplied engineering topics. Our goal is provide our students with the skills and knowledge theyneed to safely and accurately accomplish their jobs to high standards of quality in a cost effectivemanner.“Acknowledging that students learn at different speeds and that they differ in their ability tothink abstractly or understand complex ideas is like acknowledging that students at any given agearen’t all the same height: It is not a statement of worth, but of reality” (Tomlinson).A one-size-fits-all teaching method lacks the flexibility needed to challenge and encouragelearning in today’s effective teaching programs. Differentiated instruction, often referred to asuniversal design, is a teaching and learning style that is the result of neuroscience research onhow the human brain processes and retains new information (Rose and Meyer).Key concepts of differentiated instruction that will be addressed in this presentationinclude: Proactively use a variety of active teaching and learning techniques. More qualitative than quantitative. Merely assigning more or less work based on a learner’s ability is typically ineffective. Rooted in assessment. Evaluation is no longer predominately something that happens at the end of a chapter to determine “who got it”. Assessment routinely takes place to determine the particular needs of individuals. A teaching style that provides multiple approaches to content, process, and product. Content is the input, what students learn; Process is how student make sense of the ideas and information; and Product is the output, how students demonstrate what they have learned. Student centered. Learning is most effective when experiences are engaging, relevant, and interesting. A blend of whole-class, group, and individual instruction.In a differentiated classroom and laboratory, the teacher proactively plans and carries out variedapproaches to content, process, and product in anticipation and response to student differences inreadiness, interest, and learning needs. During the past twenty years, my teaching responsibilitieshave been focused on fluid power, programmable logic controllers, electro-mechanical systems,and robotics curriculums. In addition to lectures, all of these areas include a significantlaboratory component, both of which have benefitted from implementing active learningstrategies.This next phase of this presentation will provides participants with insights into some of the“tools” and “methods” utilized in developing an active teaching environment.Topics included in the “Learning” section include: 1) Focusing on Learning and Not Teaching;2) Problem Based Learning; 3) Facilitating Group Learning (Promoting Accountability, LinkingAssignments, and Stimulating the Idea Exchange); 4) Changing Learning Behavior Outside theClassroom; and 5) Preparing to Teach. Topics included in the “Teaching” section include: 1)The Seven “Good Practices” for Teachers; 2) Teaching with Hospitality; 3) The Importance ofListening; and 4) Assessment Via the Minute Paper.The presented techniques are not cumbersome or extremely involved. In fact they are fun andvery straightforward. The purpose of this discussion is to learn more about these practical andhelpful teaching ideas that can easily be implemented into your classes and laboratories.Examples and brief case studies are utilized to increase clarity and understanding.

Marshall, J., & Marshall, W. R. (2012, June), Differentiated Instruction Enhances Pedagogy Paper presented at 2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, San Antonio, Texas. https://peer.asee.org/21227

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2012 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015