June 14, 2009
June 14, 2009
June 17, 2009
Electrical and Computer
14.493.1 - 14.493.17
Direct Assessment of Program Outcomes in a Computer Science and Engineering Program
Although direct assessment of program outcomes is not an explicitly speciﬁed requirement of Engineering Accreditation Criteria (EC), most program evaluators expect to see some use of such assessments. This is not surprising since direct assessments provide the most reliable evaluations of actual achievement, by the students, of the various outcomes. At the same time, programs have struggled to come up with direct assessment mechanisms that are not resource-intensive (in terms of faculty and administration time) and provide useful results that lead to speciﬁc, documentable program improvements. In this paper, we report on such a mechanism that is both powerful in terms of its ability to identify speciﬁc program improvements and, at the same time, requires only minimal resources to administer and sustain on a long term basis.
Prados, Peterson and Lattuca, in their article 15 tracing the history and evolution of engineering education and accreditation criteria through the twentieth century, write: “By the late 1980s, . . . engineering practice was changing dramatically and irreversibly . . . [existing programs] produced graduates with strong technical skills, but these graduates were not nearly so well prepared in other skills needed to develop and manage innovative technology . . . engineering accreditation had become an impediment to reform . . . criteria were increasingly prescriptive . . . institutions that attempted ﬂexible and innovative programs were increasingly harassed in accreditation reviews and were forced to make their curricular requirements more restrictive.”
Based on these considerations, Prados et al. note, a new set of criteria for evaluating engineering programs, Engineering Criteria 2000 (EC) 1 , was created. The speciﬁcation of curricular content was signiﬁcantly reduced in the new criteria. Instead, each program was required to identify a set of program objectives, tailored to the individual program, and a corresponding set of outcomes, including the set of twelve outcomes (3.a) through (3.k) speciﬁed as part of Criterion 3 of EC. At the core of EC is the requirement of a continuous improvement process based on assessing the degree to which graduates of the program achieved the program’s outcomes and using the assessment results to drive program improvements. EC also requires clear documentation of the assessment processes used, the assessment results, and the improvements based on these results.
While the curricular ﬂexibility provided by EC has been widely welcomed, many programs have struggled to meet the requirements regarding suitable assessment processes and documented im- provements based on the results of the assessment of their outcomes. One key problem has been the question of developing suitable mechanisms for direct assessment of program outcomes. A direct
Soundarajan, N. (2009, June), Direct Assessment Of Program Outcomes In A Computer Science And Engineering Program Paper presented at 2009 Annual Conference & Exposition, Austin, Texas. https://peer.asee.org/4730
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