June 18, 2006
June 18, 2006
June 21, 2006
11.490.1 - 11.490.16
Distance Learning, the Philosophy of Its Existence, General Definitions and its Place in Electronic Government Abstract
This paper addresses the history and basis for distance educational systems considering the advantages and advanced facilities available in information technology. The main purpose and philosophy of distance educational systems has been employee training; the key and operational specifications of distance educational systems and present general specifications of web-based educations are also discussed. The Canadian government has placed implementation of electronic devices as the main goal of its activities. In this global modern system the integrity of electronic data in government and education are worthy of special attention.
Other subjects included in this paper are the classification for Virtual Education and Online Learning and their applications and the viability of virtual educations and defining the global standard of SCORM (Sharable Courseware Object Reference Model).
Introduction to Distance learning1
Introduction to Distance learning1 Distance learning and e-Learning is an educational system based on Information Technology and Communications. Development of IT and global communication networks has dramatically changed the process of education and learning. The boundaries of educational institutions will gradually fade away and eventually, the distance between home and school will be eliminated. Electronic education includes a wide arena of applications like web-based training, computer-based training, virtual classes, and digital cooperation. This definition is based on the various modes of presentation via electronic media including internet, intranet, extranet, satellite broadcasting, videotapes, audiotapes or interactive TV sets. Electronic education portrays the development of traditional educational systems into collective or individualized education that resembles the development of conventional commerce into electronic commerce. This kind of education appears in the panorama of future educational organizations and developing countries are at the beginning of this long road. Electronic education utilizes the power of computer networks, internet technologies, satellite networks, and modern digital sciences. In fact, the art of using networks technology for the design, selection, presentation and management of the educational processes is a escalating trend. Electronic education allows quicker learning at lower costs and increases the accessibility of educational processes. In the present world of competition, those organizations that take advantage of electronic education will gain a competitive lead above and over their rivals. In electronic 1 Distance learning may be defined as any kind of educational course that is held without the traditional face-to-face presence of teacher/students. Course materials may be transmitted in both directions using the interactive internet or active video and dynamic animations. Cable-TV, satellite TV, CD or DVD may be used solely or in combination to transmit the courseware. Virtual University is a university complex that allows students enroll via the internet, select their preferred courses, attend the scheduled sessions, pass quizzes and examinations, and communicate with their fellow students or professors. Virtual University provides tools for the management and professors to fulfill their undertakings via the internet. It provides management tools for offering courses, lecturer selection, term scheduling, financial management …etc. The professors have tools at their disposal to present their teachings, taking exams and registering the student marks.
Sadeghi, R., & Moslehpour, S. (2006, June), Distance Learning, The Philosophy Of Its Existence, General Definitions And Its Place In Electronic Government Paper presented at 2006 Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. 10.18260/1-2--901
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