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Distributed Collaborative Design and Manufacture in the Cloud - Motivation, Infrastructure, and Education

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Conference

2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

San Antonio, Texas

Publication Date

June 10, 2012

Start Date

June 10, 2012

End Date

June 13, 2012

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

CoED General Technical Session I

Tagged Division

Computers in Education

Page Count

21

Page Numbers

25.472.1 - 25.472.21

DOI

10.18260/1-2--21230

Permanent URL

https://strategy.asee.org/21230

Download Count

367

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Paper Authors

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Dirk Schaefer Georgia Institute of Technology

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Dirk Schaefer is an Assistant Professor at the George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. Prior to joining Georgia Tech, Schaefer was a Lecturer in the School of Engineering at Durham University, UK. During his time at Durham, he earned a Postgraduate Certificate in “Teaching and Learning in Higher Education." He joined Durham from a Senior Research Associate position at the University of Stuttgart, Germany, where he earned his Ph.D. in computer science. Over the past 10 years, Schaefer has been conducting research on product modeling, variant design, product life-cycle management, design-with-manufacture integration, standardized product data exchange, and digital and virtual engineering. His current research focus concerns the highly topical area of cross-disciplinary integrated design of mechatronic systems. Schaefer has published approximately 100 technical papers in journals, books, and conference proceedings on computer-aided engineering and design, as well as engineering education. Schaefer is a registered professional European Engineer (Eur Ing), a Chartered Engineer (CEng), a Chartered IT-Professional (CITP), a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA) in the UK, and a registered International Engineering Educator (Ing-Paed IGIP).

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J. Lane Thames Georgia Institute of Technology

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Lane Thames is a Ph.D. candidate (ABD) in electrical and computer engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He obtained his B.S. in computer engineering with Highest Honors in Dec. 2003 followed by his M.S. in electrical and computer engineering in May 2006, both from Georgia Tech. Thames is currently planning to defend his dissertation during the Fall of 2011. His core research is centered around three primary thrusts: distributed active-response firewall systems and architectures enabling globalized Internet security, detection of computer and network attacks using computational intelligence and hybrid intelligence systems, and high-speed, low-power hardware algorithms for the multidimensional packet classification problem. His professional interests are diverse and revolve around the intersection of several topics, including high-speed internet protocol networking and computer communications, internet security, engineering education, computational intelligence systems, knowledge discovery in data, large-scale distributed systems integration, and collaboration platforms via generalized cloud computing service models. Thames currently holds a full-time staff position as Systems Analyst III for Georgia Tech, while concurrently completing his Ph.D. Thames has held several positions at Georgia Tech including Lead Teaching Assistant as an undergraduate and Graduate Research Assistant during the first two years of his graduate education. Before taking his current staff position at Georgia Tech, Thames spent 18 months working for VeriSign’s Communication Services Division. Thames also serves as a research collaborator and lead infrastructure/systems architect for Dr. Dirk Schaefer’s initiative on remotely controlled physical laboratory experiments and collaborative design education.

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Robert Donald Wellman Jr. Georgia Institute of Technology

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Robert Wellman is the Manager of the Information Technology Department at Georgia Tech’s Savannah campus. Wellman earned his bachelor’s of science in computer engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Upon completion of his degree, Wellman accepted a position in the IT Department at Georgia Tech Savannah. His responsibilities on campus cover a wide range of technologies including infrastructure design and support (network, virtualizations, and Windows/Linux servers), desktop support (Windows/Linux/Mac workstations), video conferencing design and support (infrastructure devices and endpoints), and laboratory support (electronic testing equipment, load frames, etc). Research interest areas include collaborative and distributed learning systems and frameworks and network security.

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Dazhong Wu Georgia Institute of Technology

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Dazhong Wu is a Ph.D. student in the G.W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at Georgia Tech. He received his B.S. and M.S. degree in mechanical engineering from Hunan University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2004 and 2007, respectively. His research interest is cloud-based design and manufacturing. Since 2010, he has been revitalizing the ASME Savannah section, as the Chair of the ASME Savannah.

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Sungshik Yim Georgia Institute of Technology

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David W. Rosen Georgia Institute of Technology

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Abstract

2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition – San Antonio, TX – June 10-13, 2012 Abstract submitted on 9.16.2011 Distributed Collaborative Design and Manufacture in the Cloud—Motivation, Infrastructure, Pedagogy, and ApplicationsAbstractCloud Computing is a highly topical Information Technology (IT) paradigm that is anticipated tosignificantly impact the way business will be conducted in the future. In simple terms, cloudcomputing is concerned with delivering computing as a service rather than a product, wherebyshared resources, software and information are provided to computers and other devices as autility over a network. Currently, the three most prominent cloud computing application areasare software as a service, platform as a service, and infrastructure as a service. Most recently,cloud computing has made its advent to the domain of computer-aided product development. Itis being considered as a new model to aid future distributed design and manufacture processesthat seamlessly integrate both virtual resources, such as Computer-Aided Design (CAD) systems,as well as physical resources, such as, for example, additive manufacturing machines.In Section 1 of this paper, we provide a brief overview of the cloud computing paradigm and itsmain application fields. In Section 2, we specifically address the ramifications that cloudcomputing may have on the field of distributed design and manufacture. This includes thesymbiosis and integration of virtual and physical resources over the Internet to aid futuredistributed computer-aided product development processes.In Section 3, we propose a cloud-based design and manufacture infrastructure that emerged fromour previous research on virtual and remote laboratories. This is followed by Section 4, in whichwe present an overview of a prototype implementation of our architecture and the way it wasused to facilitate the integration and operation of a Computer-Aided Design system, a 3D-printer,and a CNC micro mill through an Internet portal.In Section 5, we tie the paradigm of Cloud Computing to the field of Engineering Education.After discussing its potential ramifications for the engineering education sector in general,ranging from traditional college education to corporate professional settings, we elaborate onhow cloud computing may be utilized to specifically incorporate distributed design andmanufacture activities into the engineering curriculum. In addition, we report on how the cloud-based design and manufacture architecture introduced in Section 3 and the prototypeimplementations discussed in Section 4 will be embedded in a distance learning graduate levelengineering design course in spring 2012. We focus on the technical implementation aspects aswell as the pedagogical opportunities and challenges associated with these types of educationactivities.In Section 6, we summarize our experiences and lessons learned from this endeavor and drawconclusions. We present a roadmap for future research and education opportunities in the contextof cloud-based design and manufacture education. Moreover, we provide a brief overview ofhow the presented architecture will be leveraged and built upon in a related large project underDARPA’s Adaptive Vehicle Make program, in which we investigate how cloud computing maybe utilized to expose high school students, from up to 1,000 schools, to state-of-the-art designand manufacture processes, equipment, and distributed collaborative design and manufactureprojects (challenges) in an affordable and safe environment.

Schaefer, D., & Thames, J. L., & Wellman, R. D., & Wu, D., & Yim, S., & Rosen, D. W. (2012, June), Distributed Collaborative Design and Manufacture in the Cloud - Motivation, Infrastructure, and Education Paper presented at 2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, San Antonio, Texas. 10.18260/1-2--21230

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