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Effect of Electrical Alternative Energy Sources on Power Grid

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Conference

2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

New Orleans, Louisiana

Publication Date

June 26, 2016

Start Date

June 26, 2016

End Date

August 28, 2016

ISBN

978-0-692-68565-5

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Instrumentation Division Technical Session 3

Tagged Division

Instrumentation

Page Count

9

DOI

10.18260/p.26896

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/26896

Download Count

134

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Paper Authors

biography

Masoud Fathizadeh P.E. Purdue University - Calumet

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Masoud Fathizadeh – PhD, PE Professor Fathizadeh has been with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Technology Purdue University Calumet since 2001. He has worked over 15 years both for private industries and national research laboratories such as NASA, Argonne and Fermi National Laboratories. Dr. Fathizadeh has established his own consulting and engineering company in 1995 specializing in power system, energy management and automation systems. During last twenty years the company performed many private and government projects. Dr. Fathizadeh has published numerous journal, conference and technical articles. He has been instrumental figure in establishing mechatronic engineering technology at Purdue University Calumet. His areas of interests are, control systems, power systems, power electronics, energy, and system integration.
Dr. Fathizadeh is a registered professional engineer in the State of Illinois.

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biography

Uditha Sudheera Navaratne Purdue University - West Lafayette

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Uditha S. Navaratne is a Ph,D. student at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA. He received B.Sc.(Eng.) from University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka in 2007 and MS degree from Purdue University in 2012. His working experience include Sri Lanka Telecom, Sri Lanka and Faculty of Engineering, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. His area of interest is in Smart Grid, Micro-grid, Artificial Intelligence, Neural Networks, Agent based systems and their applications in smart grid and micro-grid.

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Venkatateja Koppaku

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I am a graduate student pursuing masters in Electrical Engineering technology at Purdue University, Calumet, Indiana, USA. And holds a Bachelor degree in Electrical & Electronics Engineering from Acharya Nagarjuna University, India. my area of interests are Renewables and control systems.

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Abstract

Recent geopolitical unrest in the Mideast, high consumption of fossil fuel by new large industrial bodies and their environmental impacts encouraged many countries to find alternative sources of energy. Wind, solar, wave and geothermal energy have received most of the attentions in recent years. However, except geothermal energy, these energy alternatives are cyclical and cannot produce energy at any time readily and reliably. Storage systems such as battery banks have been used to store the energy and use it at different times. One of the most widely used alternative sources for electric energy production is solar cell. The solar cells are used to harness the energy from the nature and produce electricity. Average daily output of a flat plate collector at latitude tilt in the contiguous United States is 3 – 7 kW·h/m²/day and the performance is less in high-altitude areas like Europe. Solar cells produce direct current (DC) which must be converted to alternating current (AC) using a grid tie inverter in existing distribution grids that use AC. This incurs an energy loss of 4 – 12 percent. However, high voltage DC grid transportation has less energy waste than AC grid; so, there is a trade-off consideration in deciding to construct high voltage DC grids and apply the inverter at the consumers’ end. The behavior of these generators as well as their effects on the load and power grid can be studied utilizing MATLAB-SIMULINK® and commercially available DIgiSILENT® Power Factory software. MATLAB-SIMULINK® can readily perform calculation and simulation of individual units while the power flow and grid stability analysis can be done by utilizing Power Factory software. A graduate course is developed and offered to address the hybrid energy and battery systems. Students in Hybrid and Battery course are required to investigate hybrid electric systems with alternative energy sources such as wind and solar. This paper presents: • Modeling and simulation of solar cell panels • Power Grid Simulation • Voltage profile for bus • Controlling real and reactive power via wind turbines and solar panels. • Power flow analysis results obtained from Power factory software. • Integration of MATLAB and Power Factory software to analyze alternative energy sources. • Integration of these two software tools in the Hybrid and Battery graduate course.

Fathizadeh, M., & Navaratne, U. S., & Koppaku, V. (2016, June), Effect of Electrical Alternative Energy Sources on Power Grid Paper presented at 2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, New Orleans, Louisiana. 10.18260/p.26896

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