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Effects of YouTube Video as Pre-Lecture Preparation

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2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Tampa, Florida

Publication Date

June 15, 2019

Start Date

June 15, 2019

End Date

June 19, 2019

Conference Session

Technical Session 13: Digital Learning

Tagged Division

Computers in Education

Tagged Topic


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Paper Authors


Sang Myong Yim United States Military Academy

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MAJ Sang Yim received his commission from the Hawaii Pacific University ROTC in 2006 as a Signal Officer and was assigned to Camp Castle, South Korea. He served as the Division Automation Officer for 2nd Infantry Divison, Regiment Automation Officer for 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, Signal Detachment Commander for 1st Battalion 3rd Special Forces Group. MAJ Yim has deployed twice to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. MAJ Yim's military education includes the Signal Officer Basic and Advanced Course, Information Systems Manager Course, Airborne, and Ranger schools.

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Christopher J. Lowrance United States Military Academy Orcid 16x16

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Lieutenant Colonel Christopher J. Lowrance is an Assistant Professor and the Deputy Director of the Electrical Engineering Program at the United States Military Academy at West Point.
A native of southern Indiana near Louisville, Kentucky, LTC Lowrance received his commission as a Distinguished Military Graduate from the Virginia Military Institute in 2000. Since entering active duty, he has held multiple command and staff positions as a Signal and Functional Area 26A (Network Systems Engineer) officer over the last 18 years.
His past military duty positions include: Signal Platoon Leader, 32nd Signal Battalion, Darmstadt, Germany; Assistant Brigade S-3 Operations for the 22nd Signal Brigade; G-6 Signal Officer for V Corps Artillery, Schwetzingen, Germany; Company Commander of Delta Company, 551st Signal Battalion and Delta Company, 369th Signal Battalion, 15th Signal Brigade, Fort Gordon, Georgia; Chief of Enterprise Operations, Southwest Asia Cyber Center, Camp Arifjan, Kuwait.
He has deployed twice for year-long assignments to Baghdad, Iraq in support of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM I from 2003-2004 and to Camp Arifjan, Kuwait to support theater communications in Southwest Asia from 2012-2013.
LTC Lowrance’s education includes a Bachelor’s Degree in Electrical Engineering (EE) from the Virginia Military Institute, Master’s Degree in EE from the George Washington University, and Ph.D. from the University of Louisville in Computer Engineering. He is also a graduate of the Signal Officer Basic Course, Signal Captain's Career Course, and the Army Command and General Staff College.
At West Point, LTC Lowrance also serves as a senior researcher in the Robotics Research Center. He has led multiple research projects related to robotics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. His research has led to over 25 peer-reviewed journal and conference papers, several of which have won best paper awards.

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Eric M. Sturzinger United States Military Academy

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MAJ Eric Sturzinger is a Network Systems Engineer (FA26A) who has served in various positions across multiple combatant commands. He initially served as a Platoon Leader in B Co., 52nd Infantry Regiment (Anti-Tank), 2nd Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division from 2009-2010 at Schofield Barracks, HI. MAJ Sturzinger then deployed to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn from 2010-2011, serving as Executive Officer of HHC, 2nd SBCT, 25th ID. Upon graduating the Telecommunication System Engineer Course in 2012, he served as Systems Engineer of 7th Theater Tactical Signal Brigade in Schweinfurt, Germany from 2012-2013 and later as Systems Engineer of 44th Expeditionary Signal Battalion from 2013-2015 in Grafenwoehr, Germany where he regularly supported EUCOM, CENTCOM, and NATO operations, exercises, and training. MAJ Sturzinger is currently serving as an Instructor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the United States Military Academy. His academic interests include Future Internet Architectures, Network Science & Optimization, Machine Learning, and Artificial Intelligence. He is a graduate of the Infantry Officer Basic Course, US Army Airborne School, the Telecommunications System Engineer Course, and the Signal Captains Career Course.

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Classroom lectures convey course concepts more effectively when students have prepared in advance. Traditionally, students prepare for lectures by reading the course textbook. Textbooks are the default study material for most educational courses; however, some technical subjects are better conveyed in video format. Therefore, in this study, we encouraged students to supplement their learning resources with web-based video tutorials that provide detailed demonstrations with the respect to technical network configuration and management. YouTube is a video sharing website that can provide free educational tutorials and instructions on technical subject matter, where students can observe practical human-machine interaction to prepare for lectures and increase overall course performance on exams, assignments, and laboratory projects. Our goal was to compare the overall performance as well as the level of active class participation between two groups of the same computer networking course. We found that the group that used YouTube videos for pre-lecture preparation scored approximately 3% higher on exams but 5% lower on homework assignments than the control group (textbook only). There was no statistical significance between the two groups with respect to overall course grades. Study habits and degree of class participation of each student correlated more strongly with overall course performance than whether the student viewed the videos.

Yim, S. M., & Lowrance, C. J., & Sturzinger, E. M. (2019, June), Effects of YouTube Video as Pre-Lecture Preparation Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--32697

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