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Engineering and Technology Education in Bangladesh: Comparative Study of the Public and Private Universities for Problems and Prospects.

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2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


San Antonio, Texas

Publication Date

June 10, 2012

Start Date

June 10, 2012

End Date

June 13, 2012



Conference Session

Engineering Education and Comparative Studies at Universities throughout Asia, Far East

Tagged Division


Page Count


Page Numbers

25.535.1 - 25.535.9



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Paper Authors

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Rafiqul Islam Northwestern State University

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AbstractEngineering and Technology Education in Bangladesh: Comparative Study of the Public andPrivate Universities for Problems and Prospects.Bangladeshi engineering and technology education has been experiencing radical transformationand development over the last twenty years. This field which was monopolized by a number ofpublic institutions for a long time is being shared by a growing number of private universities.The higher education institutions are the largest stakeholders to adapt the technologicaladvancement for betterment and efficient rendering of education to the learning community.Their goal is to play a vital role in promoting productivity, innovation, entrepreneurship, gendermainstreaming, and overall socio-cultural advancement. The key to achieving high rates ofeconomic growth (around 7 percent) and to distribute equitably to her population lies indevelopment and utilization of her abundance human resources. The higher education is highlysubsidized in the public institutions but partly in the private institutes. There is growing interestin its current status due to the globalization of engineering profession. This study concludes withthe comparison of public and private institutions in terms of curriculum, admission policies,availability of information and communication technology (ICT) facilities, cost etc. Thecollaboration and influence of the American universities will also be discussed.The employers in Bangladesh are demanding engineers and technologists to be good teamplayers with excellent communication skills to compete locally and globally.In recent years almost sixty percent of the continuously increasing work visas allocated by ourGovernment are filled up by the engineers and technologists from Southeast Asian countries. Astudy of the reasons and means of enthusiasm and interest in engineering and technologyprograms there will be presented. Recently our government is getting pressure from industries,businesses and politicians to even increase the work visas for foreign born engineers as there isan acute shortage of qualified engineers here. The women whom represent nearly fifty percent ofthe population are also being motivated to enroll and finish the program by understanding thatthe careers in these areas are exciting, rewarding and accessible. The author will find somecommon ground to motivate the students toward engineering and technology programs in theUnited States.

Islam, R. (2012, June), Engineering and Technology Education in Bangladesh: Comparative Study of the Public and Private Universities for Problems and Prospects. Paper presented at 2012 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, San Antonio, Texas. 10.18260/1-2--21293

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