Virtual On line
June 22, 2020
June 22, 2020
June 26, 2021
Design in Engineering Education
United Nations, through the document “Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”, invited all the nations to defeat poverty and foster social justice for all humanity. The STEM professional, as trained citizens with the abilities, to help in diminishing poverty, discrimination and inequality, is called to be active agents in this aim. For that, design can be considered as an integrative area where, through practice, as well as natural and social sciences can come together and tackle social problems directly. But, are these professionals prepared for that challenge? According to previous research, Colombian student and professionals of Chemical Engineering consider that they do not perceive themselves as active agents in the solution of social problems like poverty or armed conflict. Alike, when it was investigated in a later study where they think this inaction comes from, the general answer was related to the poor or nonexistent teaching of human or social sciences during the college stage, phenomena that are possibly shared by other engineers around the globe. Even this is a specific case in one of the STEM areas, it is common to hear from many agents in society that natural scientists and engineers are disconnected from social problems. The first approaches to the academic literature related to this topic suggest there are few empirical studies related how is the integration of social justice and design in the educational context of STEM areas, in particular engineering, despite the high amount of conceptual and philosophical information that can be found in books and academic articles. This systematized literature review seeks to tackle this situation by exploring the following research questions: What type of studies have been conducted to integrate social justice in design within STEM education?, and What methods have been used to achieve it? These questions were supported by subquestions such as How design is conceived in these articles?, How social justice is conceived?, How is conceived the relationship between these two concepts?, What populations have been studied?, and What were the main findings? which were useful for constructing the analysis categories. In total, there were analyzed 19 peer-reviewed articles published between 2009 and 2019 and obtained from four education and technology collection databases. The findings were organized according to where, in the educational path (K-12, university and professional), the research was done, as an attempt to structure the answers of each question. Within the results, it was possible to observe an extensive use of qualitative methods for researching around the interventions, mainly case study and ethnography, and a conception of design as a process for generating artifacts (technology). Both the conceptions of design and social justice and their relationship are contemplated in these three grouper themes. Finally, this research was only restricted to articles written in English, and not in other languages, which could be considered as a limitation.
Vargas-Ordóñez, C. E., & Hynes, M. M. (2020, June), Engineering Design and Social Justice: A Systematized Literature Review Paper presented at 2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual On line . 10.18260/1-2--34551
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2020 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015