June 18, 2006
June 18, 2006
June 21, 2006
K-12 & Pre-College Engineering
11.1463.1 - 11.1463.11
“ENGINEERING IN HEALTH CARE” MULTIMEDIA CURRICULUM FOR HIGH SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
Introduction This instructional materials development project, funded by the National Science Foundation, seeks to provide new curricula that incorporate hands-on experiences and inquiry-based learning with ‘real world’ engineering design exercises to target the ITEA Standards for Technological Literacy as well as national standards in science and mathematics. In addition, in-service training with the curriculum and professional development opportunities for Technology Education teachers is provided prior to classroom use. A specific objective of the project is to increase the involvement of women and other underrepresented groups in engineering technology by providing female and minority role models in the classroom and developing case studies that encourage interest and participation by all groups.
The new materials have been titled “The INSPIRES Curriculum: INcreasing Student Participation, Interest and Recruitment in Engineering and Science”. In total, five stand-alone modules will be developed covering a wide spectrum of engineering applications relevant in today’s society. The first learning module, “Engineering in Health Care: A Hemodialysis Case Study”, has been completed and is currently available for adoption. To date, the module has been tested in a number of technology education classrooms and a summer professional development workshop has been held. In this manuscript we will describe the “Engineering in Health Care” curriculum unit and will present preliminary data related to student learning, student attitudes and teacher interest.
Background and Rationale There is an urgent national need for new curricula in science and technology education. Indeed, a new report by the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine entitled “Rising Above the Gathering Storm” specifically calls for the development of rigorous new K-12 curriculum materials to improve science and mathematics education as a highest priority action1. In 2004, China and India together graduated ten times more engineers than the United States1 and U.S. enrollment in engineering disciplines is declining2. However, between 1998 and 2008 the National Science Foundation predicts that employment opportunities for engineers will increase by twenty percent3. These diverging trends are expected to create a shortage of engineers in the U.S. workforce in the near future4. While women and minorities comprise an increasingly large percentage of the total workforce, minorities comprise only four percent and women only nine percent of the engineering workforce2, 3. If the United States is to remain technologically competitive in the 21st Century, current trends must change1. Greater numbers of students must choose to enter engineering disciplines and must be adequately prepared in high school to be successful in this endeavor. It is with this perspective that the INSPIRES Curriculum is being developed.
The INSPIRES Curriculum specifically targets three educational Standards for Technological Literacy put forth by the International Technology Education Association (ITEA). Each is related to engineering design.
Titus, S., & Raczek, J., & Jarrell, B., & Parker, C., & Bayles, T., & Ross, J. (2006, June), “Engineering In Health Care” Multimedia Curriculum For High School Technology Education Paper presented at 2006 Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. 10.18260/1-2--1370
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