June 15, 1997
June 15, 1997
June 18, 1997
2.173.1 - 2.173.5
Engineering Management and Industrial Engineering: Six One Way, A Half Dozen the Other
Susan L. Murray Ph.D., P.E. & Stephen A. Raper Ph.D. Engineering Management Department University of Missouri-Rolla Rolla, Missouri 65409-0370, USA
To some people Engineering Management (EMgt) is a speciality within Industrial Engineering (IE), to others Engineering Management is broader than IE. For some the terms are interchangeable. Is there a difference? In this paper we present a comparison of the two disciplines to show there are similarities and differences.
Comparing the histories of the two disciplines shows a clear distinction. IE is a significantly older program. The first Industrial Engineering degree program was established in 1908 at Penn State. The much younger Engineering Management discipline began with the University of Missouri-Rolla program in 1967. (10) However, other sources note MIT began a program similar to Engineering Management in about 1915. (11,12) The first Industrial Engineering Ph.D. awarded in the United States went to Ralph M. Barnes from Cornell University in 1932. His thesis lead to the publication of the "Motion and Time Study" textbook. (7) The University of Missouri-Rolla awarded the first Engineering Management doctorate of philosophy in 1984 to Madison Daily. (He is currently an active member of ASEE.)
Both disciplines have their roots in the work of engineering pioneers at the turn of the century. Work in motion and time study, along with other efficiency driven techniques, was the beginning of Industrial Engineering. One of the most famous of these pioneers was Frederick Taylor. His efforts to quantify work effort resulted in Taylor being considered, by many, the father of scientific management. Other early pioneers include Henry Gantt, Harrington Emerson, and Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. Both IE and EMgt can trace their roots to the era of scientific management and the work of these individuals. A noted change for Industrial Engineering occurred after World War II when many programs shifted their focus towards Operations Research. (13) For some this shift marks the beginning of the distinction between the two disciplines.
Raper, S. A., & Murray, S. L. (1997, June), Engineering Management And Industrial Engineering: Six One Way, A Half Dozen The Other Paper presented at 1997 Annual Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. https://peer.asee.org/6543
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