June 20, 2010
June 20, 2010
June 23, 2010
15.542.1 - 15.542.9
Evaluation of Redesigned Parts Considering Analysis, Production and Distribution Factors Abstract
Whenever a new or improved design is proposed, it is important to consider more than just the technical aspects of the new design (e.g., safety, deformation, strength, weight). It is essential to take into account several additional factors in the total production cycle of the new or improved product. Ideally, every factor in the life cycle of the product should be taken into account. As part of a Capstone Design Project, and with the goal of illustrating complete engineering design processes where factors besides the technical ones need to be taken into account, industry- sponsored projects are undertaken by teams of students. The project presented here deals with an automotive subassembly that needed to be redesigned and evaluated. The system is a power slider assembly which is installed in the rear of current-model trucks and powers the rear window. The current design is bulky, expensive, and takes too much time to install. The objective of the project was to introduce a new design for the power slider which would be more efficient in terms of operation, assembly process and delivery cost. A CAD model was created for the proposed design including new design features. Free body diagrams representing forces and couples acting on the system were evaluated using Finite Element Analysis (FEA.) Based upon FEA results, the design will sustain a maximum stress of 33.9 MPa concentrated at the lower segment of a new snap feature, thus yielding an acceptable safety factor. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) showed potential failures and their possible causes. The proposed design was prototyped and cycle tested to recommended standards, which provided evidence that the proposed design was ready for production. Benchmarking costs of the proposed design versus the current design was done. Significant benefits were found when stress analysis factors were taken into account alongside with manufacturing, production and distribution factors, thus illustrating the importance of a complete evaluation matrix. This project presented an excellent opportunity for the team of students to be exposed and actively participate in a real-life engineering design environment. The sponsoring industry is a tier I supplier to the automotive industry who provided very strong support towards the success of this senior design project. The feedback received from students was that they had learned a great deal and the experience was very rewarding.
The engineering design process has different meanings to different people, which sometimes makes it difficult to have adequate design projects for Senior Design capstone activities. But when a project has the potential to involve more than the standard technical activities that engineering students usually understand as being what “design” is all about, the project lends itself to be a great opportunity to illustrate the actual meaning of the complete engineering design process.
At Western Michigan University (WMU) there is the requirement that all CEAS’s undergraduate graduating students must complete a Senior Design Project in a two-semester sequence. Projects are presented by faculty members in the College, and students indicate their preferences. Subsequently, teams are formed, with the number of students in each team being decided by the
Rodriguez, J., & Choudhury, A. (2010, June), Evaluation Of Redesigned Parts Considering Analysis, Production And Distribution Factors Paper presented at 2010 Annual Conference & Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky. https://peer.asee.org/15916
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